Updates? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. If this happens, the President of Germany appoints the former Chancellor or, if this is not possible, one of the former cabinet ministers (not necessarily, but most likely the former Vice Chancellor) as Acting Chancellor, until the parliament elects a new Chancellor. [6] Since 1966 it became customary that the coalition partner of the governing party received the ministry of the exterior who was also appointed Deputy. While a student he belonged to a relatively progressive fraternity and retained a lifelong attachment to the sentimental glories of student life. In the Weimar Republic of 1919-1933, the office of Vizekanzler was mentioned in the internal reglement of the government. And there was nothing stopping him from doing the same with Adolf Hitler. 69, Rn. Frederick III died from cancer of the larynx at age 56, having ruled for just 99 days. Germany's Spahn Mulls Running as Chancellor for Merkel's Party - Bild Merkel has said she will not run for a fifth term in the election and her Christian Democrats (CDU) are to …   SPD In addition to the general deputy, who would be responsible for all the affairs of the Chancellor, the Chancellor could appoint deputies with limited responsibilities. Stresemann, attending the Universities of Berlin and Leipzig from 1897 to 1900, first studied literature and history but changed to economics, probably to improve his professional prospects rather than in recognition of his practical gifts. Gustav Stresemann, (born May 10, 1878, Berlin, Germany—died October 3, 1929, Berlin), chancellor (1923) and foreign minister (1923, 1924–29) of the Weimar Republic, largely responsible for restoring Germany’s international status after World War I. The Chancellor is theoretically free to choose his or her deputy. Hitler’s emergence as chancellor on January 30, 1933, marked a crucial turning point for Germany and, ultimately, for the world. The Deputy to the Federal Chancellor (German: Stellvertreter des Bundeskanzlers), commonly known as Vice Chancellor (Vizekanzler), is the second highest ranking German cabinet member. Gustav Stresemann, (born May 10, 1878, Berlin, Germany—died October 3, 1929, Berlin), chancellor (1923) and foreign minister (1923, 1924–29) of the Weimar Republic, largely responsible for restoring Germany’s international status after World War I.With French foreign minister Aristide Briand, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1926 for his policy of … Wissenschaftlicher Dienst des Bundestages. The end of a Chancellor's term in office (either by death or resignation or the first meeting of a newly elected Bundestag) automatically terminates the office of any minister. This tradition faded away in the time of Merkel's office, partially, because political heavyweights of the coalition partner chose a different ministry for personal preference. It is common that the title is given to the major minister … Should a chancellor resign, die or be permanently unable to perform her duties, the vice chancellor does not automatically replace her. Often involved in conflicts over his support of social-welfare measures with the right wing of his party (which was dominated by representatives of heavy industry), he attracted general notice at his first appearance at a party congress in 1906. Hitler's government was fairly fragile at that point. Recognizing the importance of the press in influencing public opinion, he took advantage of it to support his aims. No one anticipated— really could have anticipated what was to come. Ute Mager, in: von Münch/Kunig: Grundgesetz-Kommentar II, 5. The chancellor is the head of government and, according to the constitution, gives this title of deputy to one of the Federal Ministers. Political Party: By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Of Jewish extraction, Stresemann’s charming and elegant wife played a leading role in Berlin society of the 1920s. the Vice President in presidential systems of government is that the German Vice Chancellor is not the automatic successor of a Chancellor suddenly leaving office. He was appointed by Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) to the position on 14 March 2018 and also serves as the Federal Minister of Finance. The ministry of the exterior was considered to be the most important cabinet post besides the Chancellorship.   DDP Hindenburg made the appointment in an effort to keep Hitler and the Nazi Party “in check;” however, the decision would have disastrous results for Germany and the entire European continent. On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed as the chancellor of Germany by President Paul Von Hindenburg. He occupied leading positions in a number of trade associations, including the German-American Economic Association, established at his suggestion. In the Federal Republic (since 1949), the Chancellors have had no interest in allowing the Deputy to use the title for self promotion. (Reporting by Madeline Chambers; Editing by Daniel Wallis) Mattel, Inc. has even produced a Barbie Doll … 69, Rn. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Strongly represented in Saxony at the time, the party became Stresemann’s political home. He was elected in 1907 to the Reichstag (parliament) as a National Liberal from the Annaberg district in the Saxon metal-mining country, thus gaining a foothold in national politics. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gustav-Stresemann, The Nobel Prize - Biography of Gustav Stresemann, History Learning Site - Biography of Gustav Stresemann, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Gustav Stresemann, First World War - Who's Who: Gustav Stresemann, Gustav Stresemann - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In contrast to the appointment of a cabinet minister, there is no need for a formal appointment by the President. Is abroad appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions, most Germans know deputy! He wielded meets for the first female Chancellor of Germany of trade associations, including the German-American economic,... Trade associations, including the German-American economic association, established at his suggestion be the very! 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