Freshwater flow has been greatly reduced from the Everglades resulting in higher salinity levels. Water managers can move water from FEBs into STAs at a steady rate to optimize STA performance and achieve water quality improvement targets. Indeed, water storage and treatment facilities north of the lake are part of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, which has a price tag of $10.5 billion and a … Pollution of the waters of the Everglades and of Florida Bay is due to multiple causes. Everglades restoration. The Everglades Ecosystem Assessment is a continuing effort to monitor surface water, soils, vegetation and fish for contaminants such as mercury and nutrients in the freshwater flow way of the Everglades ecosystem. It is believed to result from alteration and diversion of water flow within the Everglades, reducing the amount of freshwater runoff entering the Bay. Pollution from sugar-growing operations used to be a large contributor to the lake’s problems, because the government let growers pump water from the lake, use it to irrigate their fields, and then pump it back into the lake, filled with fertilizer and chemicals. To see the glory of pristine water quality, you must view the water through the shoots and roots of native Everglades flora. Nutrient pollution causes algae blooms that take oxygen out of the water, suffocating much of the natural flora and fauna. Hydroperiod: the length of time and portion of the year the wetland holds water. View photos of assessment activities on Flickr. Aerial view Water Pollution in the Everglades Causes of the pollution The Everglades is now less than half its original size. 1,800 miles of canals and dams break it up, with water control points and pump stations diverting the natural flow of water to coastal towns and cities. Clean-up of Everglades phosphorus pollution was supposed to be completed by 2012, but the state legislature extended it to 2016. The fish swimming in our Everglades are poisoned with toxic mercury. Everglades Water Quality. In November, the district asked the U.S. District Court to vacate the 27-year-old consent decree, calling it "unworkable" because water now flows to the Everglades … Deterioration of biological communities of Florida Bay has been due to decrease of water quality. It is very much unlike the beauty of the feathered Snail Kite or the secretive marsh bird. The beauty of water quality for the Everglades often escapes the human eye. Some of the negatives are loss of habitat, water and land in the Everglades. More than 25 percent of the Everglades has been damaged by excessive nutrient pollution. Environmental groups sued and won, stopping the practice. These include cattle farming, dairy farming, industry, tourism, and urban development. 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