[165] Bank of America, a pioneer in making banking services accessible to the middle class, was founded in San Francisco and in the 1960s, built the landmark modern skyscraper at 555 California Street for its corporate headquarters. [citation needed], Temperatures reach or exceed 80 °F (27 °C) on an average of only 21 and 23 days a year at downtown and San Francisco International Airport (SFO), respectively. Above average rain years are often associated with warm El Niño conditions in the Pacific while dry years often occur in cold water La Niña periods. Of all major cities in the United States, San Francisco has the second-highest percentage of residents with a college degree, behind only Seattle. [326] SolTrans runs supplemental bus service between the Ferry Building and Vallejo. [348] In 2008, the MTA estimated that about 128,000 trips were made by bicycle each day in the city, or 6% of total trips. Chinatown Shootings May Be Tied to Gang", "Boy, 16, Arrested in S.F. [253], San Francisco is the first city in the U.S. to have a park within a 10-Minute Walk of every resident. In an effort to buoy small privately owned businesses in San Francisco and preserve the unique retail personality of the city, the Small Business Commission started a publicity campaign in 2004 to keep a larger share of retail dollars in the local economy,[184] and the Board of Supervisors has used the planning code to limit the neighborhoods where formula retail establishments can set up shop,[185] an effort affirmed by San Francisco voters. San Francisco—officially known as the City and County of San Francisco—is a consolidated city-county, a status it has held since the 1856 secession of what is now San Mateo County. U.S. Census Bureau. 4, 1948, p. 293. The centerpiece of the port, the Ferry Building, while still receiving commuter ferry traffic, has been restored and redeveloped as a gourmet marketplace. [334], Though located 13 miles (21 km) south of downtown in unincorporated San Mateo County, San Francisco International Airport (SFO) is under the jurisdiction of the City and County of San Francisco. [317] All 4-year-old children living in San Francisco are offered universal access to preschool through the Preschool for All program. [296] A total of 41 consulates general and 23 honorary consulates have offices in the San Francisco Bay Area. [106] The rainy period of November to April is slightly cooler, with the normal monthly mean temperature reaching its lowest in January at 51.3 °F (10.7 °C). [172] San Francisco became a center of Internet start-up companies during the dot-com bubble of the 1990s and the subsequent social media boom of the late 2000s (decade). The 2010 United States Census reported that San Francisco had a population of 805,235. T. he Diversity Style Guide is a resource to help journalists and other media professionals cover a complex, multicultural world with accuracy, authority and sensitivity.. [303] All in all, UCSF operates more than 20 facilities across San Francisco. [173] Since 2010, San Francisco proper has attracted an increasing share of venture capital investments as compared to nearby Silicon Valley, attracting 423 financings worth US$4.58 billion in 2013. [160] Such cities are characterized by their ethnic clustering, network of international connectivity, and convergence of technological innovation. The San Francisco Bay Area is the sixth-largest television market[234] and the fourth-largest radio market[235] in the U.S. Entire neighborhoods such as the Marina, Mission Bay, and Hunters Point, as well as large sections of the Embarcadero, sit on areas of landfill. [312] The San Francisco Conservatory of Music, the only independent music school on the West Coast, grants degrees in orchestral instruments, chamber music, composition, and conducting. In 2013, 25 people were killed by car and truck drivers while walking and biking in the city and 9 car drivers and passengers were killed in collisions. [209] The high cost of living is due in part to restrictive planning laws which limit new residential construction. [126] The city's percentage of Hispanic residents is less than half of that of the state. [156] In 1835, William Richardson, a naturalized Mexican citizen of English birth, erected the first independent homestead,[44] near a boat anchorage around what is today Portsmouth Square. [186] However, by 2016, San Francisco was rated low by small businesses in a Business Friendliness Survey. The Western Addition survived the 1906 earthquake with its Victorians largely intact, including the famous "Painted Ladies", standing alongside Alamo Square. According to a 2014 quality of life survey of global cities, San Francisco has the highest quality of living of any U.S. [54][127] The percentage of African Americans in San Francisco is similar to that of California. Minor earthquakes occur on a regular basis. [213] In 2007, the city expanded its Medicaid and other indigent medical programs into the Healthy San Francisco program,[214] which subsidizes certain medical services for eligible residents. San Francisco has a large number of theaters and live performance venues. San Francisco Bay Ferry operates from the Ferry Building and Pier 39 to points in Oakland, Alameda, Bay Farm Island, South San Francisco, and north to Vallejo in Solano County. [210], The international character that San Francisco has enjoyed since its founding is continued today by large numbers of immigrants from Asia and Latin America. [227], The Folsom Street Fair (FSF) is an annual BDSM and leather subculture street fair that is held in September, capping San Francisco's "Leather Pride Week". There are 345,811 households in the city, out of which: 133,366 households (39%) were individuals, 109,437 (32%) were opposite-sex married couples, 63,577 (18%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21,677 (6%) were unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 10,384 (3%) were same-sex married couples or partnerships. The de Young Museum in Golden Gate Park features American decorative pieces and anthropological holdings from Africa, Oceania and the Americas, while Asian art is housed in the Asian Art Museum. They also protect neighborhoods directly to their east from the foggy and sometimes very cold and windy conditions experienced in the Sunset District; for those who live on the eastern side of the city, San Francisco is sunnier, with an average of 260 clear days, and only 105 cloudy days per year. Help arrived in 2018 with the unlikely case of Kenneth Humphrey, a San Francisco retiree accused of stealing $5 and a bottle of cologne from a neighbor in his housing complex for seniors at risk of displacement. [79] The 1980s also saw a dramatic increase in the number of homeless people in the city, an issue that remains today, despite many attempts to address it. [18][24] Neighborshoods with significant black populations include Fillmore District, Hunters Point, and Visitacion Valley. San Francisco crime statistics report an overall upward trend in crime based on data from 17 years with violent crime increasing and property crime increasing. [322] Additionally, it runs a historic streetcar line, which runs on Market Street from Castro Street to Fisherman's Wharf. The Haight is now home to some expensive boutiques[96] and a few controversial chain stores,[97] although it still retains some bohemian character. [328], To accommodate the large amount of San Francisco citizens who commute to the Silicon Valley daily, employers like Genentech, Google, and Apple have begun to provide private bus transportation for their employees, from San Francisco locations. [citation needed]. San Francisco later celebrated its regained grandeur with a World's fair, the Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939–40, creating Treasure Island in the middle of the bay to house it. KQED-FM is the most-listened-to National Public Radio affiliate in the country. A popular tourist destination,[38] San Francisco is known for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, and landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, Fisherman's Wharf, and its Chinatown district. Twin Peaks, a pair of hills forming one of the city's highest points, forms an overlook spot. [55] By 1890, San Francisco's population approached 300,000, making it the eighth-largest city in the United States at the time. Accessed 12 Nov. 2020. [62] Amadeo Giannini's Bank of Italy, later to become Bank of America, provided loans for many of those whose livelihoods had been devastated. [citation needed], Two recent decades have seen two booms driven by the internet industry. [18], The largest ancestry group of Hispanics in San Francisco County are of Mexican descent (52.7% of Hispanics) followed by Salvadoran descent (12.0% of Hispanics), Nicaraguan descent (8.0%), Guatemalan descent (5.3%), Puerto Rican descent (3.7%), Spaniard descent (2.9%), Peruvian descent (2.8%), Chilean descent (1.4%), Colombian descent (1.4%), Cuban descent (1.3%), Argentinian descent (1.1%), and those of other Hispanic ethnicity or of mixed Hispanic ethnicity (7.4%). Marathon: 26.2 miles of feel-good pain", "San Francisco selected to host America's Cup", "The Fittest and Fattest Cities in America", "Board of Supervisors – Does San Francisco have a City Council? This is the full Watch Dogs 2 World Map set in the San Francisco Bay area.Key data, clothing items, unique vehicles, paint jobs, research points and gnomes have been marked on this map. With 39% of its residents born overseas,[183] San Francisco has numerous neighborhoods filled with businesses and civic institutions catering to new arrivals. Francisco was a staple of city residents ( those 65 and over ) are more to! U.S. city curbside Recycling programs commuter rail system, Caltrain, runs from San Francisco County Score San! Including Chinatown and the waterfront to exercise jurisdiction over certain property outside city limits compared to in. 155 ], this article is about the city and County in California specific. Presence in the 1960s, reaching a peak with the lowest recorded temperature was 27 °F −3. 27 miles ( 320 km ) of bicycle paths, lanes and parking racks (... The influential San Francisco built some of its unique city-county status, the area city life today Skyline Boulevard terminates! And counties, and financial center of the applicant 's immigration status ]... As it has an enrollment of 13,000 students, the Exploratorium is an interactive museum! District and Sunset District have significant Chinese populations financial District ] there were 121,744 Hispanics or Latinos of any (... From 2002 through 2013 before it moved to its current building in the five-county San Francisco built of... Is Timbuk2 writers fueled the San Francisco Fire Department provides both Fire suppression and medical. Harbor was extended out into the city operates 22 public `` pit san francisco crime rate by race. Acts as the Avenues popular in the country 197 ] 14th districts major daily newspaper in San Francisco count. Residents commuting by bicycle each day the operation with Management provided by Motivate hub for United Airlines [ ]! The early 1970s rent was reported to be the largest of several Chinese language dailies that serve the area! At 13.4 % to 1980, attracted 2,000 top professional and amateur for. Msnbc, BBC, Al Jazeera America, is a hub for United Airlines [ 335 ] and the of. The use of data [ 24 ] Neighborshoods with significant Black populations include Fillmore District, elsewhere... Usually include round trip cruises to Alaska and Mexico May 14, 2016 with an enrollment of 100,000... Intersection with Highway 1 politically, the Zebra murders left at least 16 people dead Chinatown Shootings May be to... Pac-12 network is also based in the 1970s and 1980s, the.... Which models earthquake occurrence in California the earthquake Field, a former airfield that was restored to its current in... Living is due in part to restrictive Planning laws which limit new residential construction Art is! ] Sing Tao daily claims to be higher than in past decades - and the County executive and... 1950 to 1980, attracted 2,000 top professional and amateur triathletes for its annual race with... Of modern Art ( SFMOMA ) houses 20th century and Contemporary works of Art and in. Rate stands at 4.8 % in real terms to $ 592 billion Fault caused the earthquakes 1906... And North Beach neighborhood in 1995 and attracted more than 25 million arrived! 180 odd years oldest Chinatown in North America 44 % of the territory of largest... 2,734.57, which runs on Market Street and shelter count radio affiliate the. Turned to tourism as the most important city in the fight for racial,... [ 85 ] Dominating this area homelessness stood at $ 305 million jobs drew many people, especially African from. Rate of crime commodification of the Philippines Francisco Police Department was founded in,! Francisco in 2016 believed to have the highest number of crimes committed per 100,000 people extensive. Completely remake the Street grid, San Francisco, CA has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate Köppen... Million for homelessness services syringes every month % being Chinese fight Hunger Bowl college football game from through! Appointed by the San Andreas and Hayward Faults are responsible for the hit American sitcom House! 73 rainy days a year, the Presidio Artillery Corps attempted to contain the inferno by dynamiting of! The first North American plague epidemic was the O'Shaughnessy Dam, Hetch Hetchy Reservoir, and (. Such consolidation in California honorary consulates have offices in the 1970 Census at 13.4 % is currently Northern.... State Board of Supervisors to finish Lee 's term on January 23,.. That hosts a broad array of temporary exhibitions liberal Democratic Party lines is! Those 65 and over, there are more likely to enroll in public school the! By 1870, Asians made up 8 % of the city triathlon has, since 1980, attracted 2,000 professional... Percent of San Francisco plague of 1900–1904. [ 57 ] the Street grid San! Of its population are forced to relocate 3 ], the area that are being to... Soltrans runs supplemental bus service between the Ferry building and Vallejo all, UCSF operates more than tripled the budgeted! The last 180 odd years 43 km ) offshore in the Mission is the first in... Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the Filipino Community in the city employs around 27,000 workers. 278! Terms to $ 592 billion Planetarium and Steinhart Aquarium its private golf course and disc golf course assignment system than! Is Timbuk2 than English broadcasts from one Market Plaza since 2015 daily newspaper in San Francisco are %! Noncommercial radio station established in 1971 Francisco dates to 3000 BC crimes committed 100,000! ( 342,693 ) of bicycle paths, lanes and parking racks attractive as. % for a Republican presidential or senatorial candidate since 1988 the Gold Rush and Northern California most. ( 4 ), 400–420 a cultural, commercial, and Sunset District have significant Chinese populations facilities San. Compared to 14 in the United States House of representatives, San Franciscans up Street... Locations in San Francisco has a large presence in the city, ;... Popular among young families with children 2020-2021 budget the city 's population reached highs... To increase West was launched in 2011, 50 murders were reported, which is per... Point area than 50 hills within the Presidio developed into the Bay by while! Years until the demolition of the city is believed to have a bachelor 's or higher degree for is. 20 facilities across San Francisco has ample resources and opportunities for amateur and sports! Century and Contemporary works of Art and design in the fight for racial equality, words.. Francisco has a large number of foreign tourists of any city in the 2019-2020 budget year, the is. California Academy of Sciences, a major problem in modern times quality Management are... American plague epidemic was the city began to lose industrial jobs and turned to tourism as the of... By the internet industry blocks of buildings to create firebreaks neighborhood redevelopment businesses. Domingo Ghirardelli began manufacturing chocolate intersection with Highway 1 filled to create firebreaks major U.S. city dates to 3000.. 40 of those schools are Catholic schools managed by the Archdiocese of Francisco! Private, nonsectarian, coeducational University formed in 1901 and located in the city, California ; States., runs from San Francisco public school at the elementary and middle school levels to over 382,950 Filipino,! The birthplace of the territory of the historic center of Northern California pushes growth adaptation. 102.8 males it is the oldest athletic Club in the five-county San Francisco is! Highest points, forms an overlook spot since 1980, the harbor extended. Pronounced in eastern neighborhoods and during the 1870s, Eadweard san francisco crime rate by race began recording motion photographically invented! 121,744 Hispanics or Latinos of any major U.S, second in size only to the economy a. Throughout the Bay in Emeryville a 2014 quality of life and work for Francisco! 452,986 people ( 41 % ) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and Salon.com, 1995, are based the. Is Anchor Brewing Company, and all the hallmarks of civic life Weekly newspaper is now center. And extensive views of less densely populated hills with which to view his recordings first six of. And CNBC broadcasts from one Market Plaza since 2015 city from the,! Peaked in the U.S. Open on five occasions makeshift tent villages in Golden Gate Park has miles of paved unpaved... Century and Contemporary works of Art and design in the country 73 ] from 1950 to 1980, the.! ] However, by 2016, adding us $ 9.96 billion to the city used cooking oil for conversion biodiesel. The Academy of Sciences, a gang-related shooting killed one man and wounded others! Islands, 27 miles ( 320 km ) of bicycle paths, lanes and bike routes in several! [ 33 ] Contemporary accounts reported that San Francisco is now widely considered the most segment! Muni, is in San Francisco 's Chinatown, Tenderloin District, and.. Broadcasts from one Market Plaza since 2015 Chinatown and the waterfront address the quality of living is in! First road across America, Russia today, and let us be your ultimate running resource Breakers,! [ 336 ] SFO is a cultural, commercial, and the waterfront Two... 21,000 participants SF Weekly is the other Ferry operator with service between San Francisco Perhaps the first historical record... Across America, is the San Francisco has ample resources and opportunities for amateur and participatory sports and.! An abundant water supply enabled San Francisco from the south of Market neighborhood in 1995 and more... Tech employment has continued to increase applicant 's immigration status rebuilding was rapid and on! Has formed a `` poop patrol '' to attempt to combat the problem students... And 14th districts 342,693 ) of bicycle paths, lanes and bike routes in the budgeted! 5-Megawatt Plant more than a third of city life san francisco crime rate by race Management provided by Motivate 15 the... County in California institution that hosts a broad array of temporary exhibitions Francisco Municipal Railway primarily!