[91], Malacca is also a popular place for health care and medical tourism for Indonesian people from Sumatra due to its close proximity to the state, followed by Singapore. The peninsula of Tanjung Tuan (Cape Rachado) is an exclave of the state, situated on the coast of Negeri Sembilan which it borders to the north. These include Melaka International School,[88] Wesley Methodist School and Pay Fong High School. [85] Golf-related paraphernalia in Malacca is showcased at the Malacca Golf Gallery. [97] The original clock tower was imported from England but has since been replaced with the one from Japan. During the occupation, many of the city's residents were taken and forced to construct the Death Railway in Burma (present-day Myanmar). Malacca is famous for its unique history and is one of the major tourist destinations in Malaysia. [108] Globally, the historic city is ranked ahead of other major metros like Sydney, Lisbon, and Barcelona. [79], As the definition of a "Malay" in the Malaysian constitution requires that the person professes the religion of Islam, all Malays are necessarily Muslims.[79][80]. Departing . [35] Rather than achieving their ambition of dominating Asian trade, the Portuguese had disrupted the organisation of the network. [103], The second largest football stadium in the state of Malacca, Hang Tuah Stadium, is located in the city; it has a capacity of around 15,000 and is the oldest stadium in the state. Theme parks, education centres, resorts and zoos in Malacca are A' Famosa Resort, Al-Khawarizmi Astronomy Complex, Malacca Bird Park, Malacca Butterfly and Reptile Sanctuary, Malacca Crocodile Farm, Malacca Planetarium, Malacca Wonderland, Malacca Zoo, Mini Malaysia and ASEAN Cultural Park, Pirate Park and Taming Sari Tower. [16] With the rise of Melaka as an empire, both the Majapahit and Siamese kingdoms were unable to conquer it, especially with the Chinese protection. The Malacca State Government signed an agreement with Johor State Government on a water supply agreement in 1993 and additional water supply agreement in 2013. There is also Chitty Village for the minority Chitty people which houses the Chitty Museum. Map Of Melaka State Government Agencies GOVERNMENT. In 2014, the state government's reserve amounted to MYR206.61 million. [18] Malacca had been a relatively insignificant region, not even qualifying as a polity prior to the voyages according to both Ma Huan and Fei Xin, and was a vassal region of Siam. [75] Even to this day, many of the traditions originating with the Portuguese occupation are still practised, i.e. [156] The previous incident is believed will not recur as tests had been performed for two months before re-operation. [63][64], A 1.6-km line of Malacca Monorail was launched in October 2010, served the route along the Malacca River. The Indians, including the Chitty, were mainly Hindus while the Kristang were mostly Christian. The State Government is headed by the Chief Minister. The other historical buildings and structures are Fortress of Malacca, Alor Gajah British Graveyard, Bastion Middleburg, Dutch Graveyard, Hang Jebat Mausoleum, Hang Kasturi Mausoleum, Hang Li Poh's Well, Hang Tuah Mausoleum, Hang Tuah's Well, Malacca Light, Malacca Warrior Monument, Portuguese Well, Proclamation of Independence Memorial, Ruins of Saint Paul's Church, Saint John's Fort, Stadthuys, Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba Memorial and Tun Teja Mausoleum. Most of the museums in the state are managed by Malacca Museum Corporation (PERZIM; Malay: Perbadanan Muzium Melaka). [23] The Portuguese constructed a fortress called A Famosa using rocks and stones taken from Muslim graves, mosques, and other buildings. However they still built their landmark, better known as the Stadthuys. [57] In the old city centre, trishaw services are available through the Stadhuis Red Square. [19], The state of Malacca covers an area of 1,664 km2 (642 sq mi). Melaka is a Malaysian state. The Chinatown feature a strong Chinese cultural influences, with Clan associations, regional Chinese eateries and prominent Chinese Temples like Cheng Hoon Teng located around the areas where many Chinese traders have settling since the era of Sultanate of Malacca. The secondary schools include the Malacca High School, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tinggi Melaka, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tinggi Perempuan and Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Katholik. The minister is appointed by Yang di-Pertua Negeri from among the State Legislative Assembly members. Most of them are used to bring tourist around the town for sightseeing. Malacca Kerala Samajam is an association that represents the Malayalam speaking community in Malacca. The State of Melaka, one of the fourteen states within Malaysia, is situated on the South-Western Coast of Peninsular Malaysia facing the Straits of Melaka and sandwiched between the states of Negeri Sembilan and Johor. Malacca (Malay: Melaka; Tamil: மலாக்கா; Chinese: 馬六甲; pinyin: Mǎlùjiǎ or Mǎliùjiǎ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: mála̍kkah; dubbed "The Historic State"; Malay: "Bandar Raya Bersejarah")[18] is a state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca. Water has always been a big part of Malacca’s history. The head of state is the Yang di-Pertua Negeri or Governor, rather than a Sultan. [57][58], In 2016, Malacca became the safest place to live in Malaysia. The assembly represents the highest authority in the state and decides on policy matters. [97][100] St. Paul's Hill is where the Governor's Museum, Malacca Literature Museum and Malacca Light are located. It was then also listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008. [32], When the Allies began to counter-attack against the Japanese, the Japanese officially surrendered to the Allies in August 1945 with the city left undamaged as there were no heavy battles, and it was administered as part of the British Military Administration until the formation of the Malayan Union and then the Federation of Malaya. [48] The Kristang exist as a result of marriage between the European Portuguese men with Malay women during the era of Portuguese Malacca. [52], Malacca has successfully opened itself up to foreign investors since the early 1970s. [112] Waze App recognized Malacca with 'The Best City to Drive In' Award. Later, Parameśwara was escorted by Zheng He and other envoys in his successful visits. [32][33], In April 1511, Alfonso de Albuquerque set sail from Goa to Malacca with a force of some 1200 men and seventeen or eighteen ships. At district level, the Jasin branch of the library was established in 1986 at JKR Building, which then later moved to a new building in 1999. Ayer Keroh also houses the Malacca International Bowling Centre. [70] The remaining traditional Malay village in Malacca City is the Morten Village.[71]. [104] The stadium is the second home ground for Melaka United, after Hang Jebat Stadium in Krubong. [53], In 2013, Malacca had a GDP of MYR22,646 million with GDP per capita of MYR34,109. After Malaya achieved its independence on 31 August 1957, a colonial building named "Malacca Club" was built by the British in the city as the social centre for Britons in British Malaya. From 1824 to 1942, Malacca was under the rule of the British, first by the British East India Company and then as a crown colony. [102] Another cinema, known as the MBO Cinemas, with a capacity of 1,212 is located in the MBO Melaka Mall. The centralised port of exchange of Asian wealth had now gone, as was a Malay state to police the Straits of Malacca that made it safe for commercial traffic. [58], There was previously a proposal by the state government of Malacca to revive a bridge project named Malacca Strait Bridge that will connect land transportation in the city with the Indonesian city of Dumai on Sumatra island. It was returned to the Dutch in 1818. [61], There were railway tracks from Pulau Sebang to Malacca City before World War II, but these were dismantled by the Japanese for the construction of the Burmese Death Railway. [21] The news of the city's capture reached the Ming Dynasty of China; the Chinese were also displeased about the kidnapping of many Chinese children by the Portuguese in Tuen Mun. Best view using Internet Explorer 9 or higher, Mozilla Firefox 3.5 or higher,Safari and Google Chrome with resolution 1366 x 768 pixels or higher. Her attendants married locals and settled mostly in Bukit Cina. Although it was the location of one of the earliest Malay sultanates, the local monarchy was abolished when the Portuguese conquered it in 1511. The Chinese Hill (Bukit Cina), where a large old Chinese cemetery is located, was formerly located to the northeast of the city, but is now surrounded by new buildings on all sides. Malacca (States and federal territories of Malaysia, Federation of Malaysia) map vector illustration, scribble sketch Malacca State map – kaufen Sie diese Vektorgrafik und finden Sie ähnliche Vektorgrafiken auf Adobe Stock On 7 July 2008, Malacca City was listed as one of the historical cities in Malaysia, together with George Town in the northern Malay Peninsula. [6][10] Before he reached the site, he arrived in Temasek, which he decided to make the centre of the new Malay Kingdom's administration. Christ Church, an Anglican church built by the Dutch in the 18th century.
• Enjoy a Local Melaka Cusine (Baba-Nyonya or Peranakan).
• A Lot of Unique Places to See and Visit. Malacca is classified as having a tropical rainforest climate (Af) under the Köppen climate classification system,[42] more subject to the Intertropical Convergence Zone than the trade winds and with no cyclones so a pure equatorial climate. Recently, a public-private partnership installed 100,000 LED street lamps along the Alor Gajah–Central Melaka–Jasin (AMJ) highway, which will improve road safety and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. [157], Daily ferries run from Malacca to the Indonesian cities of Bengkalis, Dumai and Pekanbaru departing from Harbour Master's Jetty. [9], From 1796 until 1801, and 1807 to 1818 Malacca was temporarily placed under a British Resident as the Netherlands were conquered by France in the Napoleonic Wars. This separation became permanent when the British arrived to establish their presence in the Malay Peninsula. The economy of Malacca City is largely based on tourism. In 2017, the state recorded 16.79 million tourist arrivals, the highest number to date. KTMB perkenal perkhidmatan komuter baharu dari Seremban ke Gemas. [105], Tourism is a booming industry in Malacca. Malacca Map Map of Malacca in Malaysia. [95], On 16 December 2013, the Malacca State Government unveiled the draft 8,000 hectares special area called the Malacca World Solar Valley in Rembia, Alor Gajah applying solar energy as the primary alternative in all municipal activity sectors. Malaysia is situated one to seven degrees north of the equator. [76] The Bandar Hilir Prison has been transformed into a museum with all the inmates moved to Sungai Udang Prison. [61] The State Socioeconomic Report 2017 published on July 26, 2018 reported that Malacca was the state that recorded the lowest unemployment rate in 2017 with only 1.0 percent. [119] During the Islamic fasting month, special night markets are opened along many major roads throughout the month. [88] Among the facilities provided by TAPEM are Higher Education Loan, Minor Scholarship/Incentive Scholarship for Secondary School, and School Assistance to Primary School Students. [23], In Malacca during the early 15th century, Ming China actively sought to develop a commercial hub and a base of operation for their treasure voyages into the Indian Ocean. The Dutch launched several attacks on the Portuguese colony during the first four decades of the seventeenth century. Best Melaka State Resorts on Tripadvisor: Find traveller reviews, candid photos, and prices for 14 resorts in Melaka State, Malaysia. 07.01.2021 Top 10 Melaka Sehenswürdigkeiten: Hier finden Sie 110.796 Bewertungen und Fotos von Reisenden über 210 Sehenswürdigkeiten, Touren und Ausflüge - alle Melaka Aktivitäten auf einen Blick. Idris Haron Dinobat Ikon Pembangunan Sukan Negeri Melaka", "The Value of Admiral Matelieff's Writings for Studying the History of Southeast Asia, c. 1600–1620", Official Melaka Tourism Action Council website, States and federal territories of Malaysia, Portuguese colonialism in the East Indies, Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malacca&oldid=999981343, States and territories established in 1948, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Wikipedia articles that are excessively detailed from August 2018, All articles that are excessively detailed, Wikipedia articles with style issues from August 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Temperature ranges generally between 30 and 35 °C (86 and 95 °F) during daytime and between 27 and 29 °C (81 and 84 °F) during night time.[42]. There are around thirteen police stations and eight police substations (Pondok Polis) serving the city. It has a branch in Taman Tasik Utama, Ayer Keroh. In total, there are around 87 night markets around Malacca. The climate of Malacca is hot and humid throughout the year with rainfall occurring mostly between October and March. The administrative complex is located at Seri Negeri complex in Ayer Keroh. However, due to royal internal strife between the Malay and Bugis, the Johor-Riau Empire was divided into the sultanates of Johor and Riau-Lingga. In April 2015, the Malacca State Government decided to build the MYR300 million Malacca Information Centre which will be located in Zhuhai, Guangdong.[121]. Services sector remained the main contributor to the state’s economy at 44.8% of GDP. [151] On October 10, 2015, Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) commuter service has introduced a new route, shuttle service between Seremban-Sebang/Tampin-Gemas station. [113] The city also has been recognised by HuffPost as 15 of the Best Street Art Cities. Sports-related affairs of Malacca are governed by the Malacca State Sports Council (Malay: Majlis Sukan Negeri Melaka) under the Malacca State Government. [166], Many of the heavily decorated cycle rickshaws (Malay: beca) equipped with sound system can be seen on the streets in Malacca. [6] Amused by this, he chose to name the site Malaka after the tree under which he was sitting. Things to Do in Melaka State, Malaysia: See Tripadvisor's 33,492 traveller reviews and photos of Melaka State tourist attractions. Malacca has three international schools, the Melaka International School, which cater for the local communities; MES and KYS International School, staffed by expatriate teachers, which specialise in teaching Cambridge International A Levels and cater for the expatriate communities. [28] Malacca had been a relatively insignificant region, not even qualifying as a polity prior to the voyages according to both Ma Huan and Fei Xin, and was a vassal region of Siam. In February 2013, the Malacca Gallery in Jakarta, Indonesia was officiated by Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo and Malacca Chief Minister Mohd Ali Rustam. The Dutch, who already felt threatened in the presence of the British, began conquering the Riau-Lingga Sultanate along with the rest of Sumatra, while Johor came under British influence following the signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824. [109], In recent years, Malacca has received numerous international accolades. [53][54] Malacca City has hosted numerous national, regional and international conferences, congresses and trade fairs in the Malacca International Trade Centre. The city is located along the Maritime Silk Road, proposed by China in 2013. Malacca has numerous historical places and buildings. The company is also responsible for the maintenance and delivery infrastructure of clean water in the state. [13] Soon, the site became the centre of the Malay world in the 15th and 16th centuries and the most prosperous entrepôt in the Malay Archipelago. [18] In 1405, the Ming court dispatched Admiral Zheng He with a stone tablet enfeoffing the Western Mountain of Malacca as well as an imperial order elevating the status of the port to a country. [10] Parameswara then headed to the north of Malay Peninsula and arrived at Muar, where he tried to establish another new kingdom at either Biawak Busuk or Kota Buruk, but found the locations unsuitable.[10][12]. Also known as love ballads, the songs are used by communities to convey feelings of love and give advice on special topics such as love and kindness. Malacca travel guide from Wikivoyage, For the federal constituency represented in the Dewan Rakyat, see, City and state capital in Malacca, Malaysia, World War II, post-independence and present, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWade2005 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca, List of twin towns and sister cities in Malaysia, https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/uploads/files/6_Newsletter/Newsletter%202020/DOSM_DOSM_MELAKA_1_2020_Siri-81.pdf, "Malaysia Elevation Map (Elevation of Melaka)", "Eight new sites, from the Straits of Malacca, to Papua New Guinea and San Marino, added to UNESCO's World Heritage List", "Malaca Os irredutíveis filhos de Albuquerque", "Melaka, Johor and Aceh: A bird's eye view over a Portuguese-Malay Triangular Balance (1575–1619)", "Melaka – A Cosmopolitan City in Southeast Asia", "Invasion of Malaya and Singapore (8 December 1941 – 15 February 1942)", "List of Parliamentary Elections Parts and State Legislative Assemblies on Every States", "Touristic Impressions of Social Transformation in Melaka", "The Tourism Industry in the State of Melaka", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "CLIMAT summary for 48665: Malacca (Malaysia) – Section 2: Monthly Normals", "Klimatafel von Malacca (Melaka) / Malaysia", "Total population by ethnic group, Local Authority area and state, Malaysia", "The Development of Articles in Baba Malay", "The Malay Chetty Creole Language of Malacca: A Historical and Linguistic Perspective", "When the World Came to Southeast Asia – Malacca and the Global Economy", "Malacca Stands to Benefit from "Belt And Road" Initiative", "(Synopsis) Auditor's General Report on the activities of the Malacca State Government Departments and Agencies and the Management of State Government Companies", "Melaka wujud Pusat Perdagangan Hang Tuah", "We can revive Tampin-Malacca rail service", "KTMB perkenal perkhidmatan komuter baharu dari Seremban ke Gemas", "Malacca wants to revive monorail line to promote river", "Kos taman tema, naik taraf kawasan monorel Melaka RM109 juta", "Lebih 17,000 guna Monorel Melaka sejak beroperasi semula", "Alamat Mahkamah Tinggi Sesyen & Majistret", "Malacca E-Commerce (State Health Clinic)", "SENARAI SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI NEGERI MELAKA (List of Secondary Schools in Malacca) – See Malacca", "Melaka: five ways to see the world in one Malaysian city", "Bukit China: A hill steeped in legend and history", "Padang Pahlawan, that's the new name for freedom ground", "Consulate of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Malacca", "Valpairaso, land of steep hills, trains, sea and curves", "Anniversary of the twinning of the Cities of Melaka and Valparaiso", "Melaka is keen to get Valparaiso's help [Melaka Keen To Get Valparaiso's Help In Getting UN Recognition]", "Guangdong & Malacca sign sister relationship memo", "Penerbangan khas Nanjing-Melaka guna LTAM", "Jakarta's 'Kota Tua' and Melaka are now sister cities", "Melaka, Kembaran Kota Tua Jakarta di Malaysia", "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa", Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley, List of World Heritage Sites in Southeast Asia, Malaysian cities with a population of more than 200,000, Department of Statistics, Malaysia (2010), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malacca_City&oldid=1001956746, Populated places established in the 1390s, Populated places established by the Dutch East India Company, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 04:00. 273,844, followed by Chinese with 158,828, Indian with 20,310 and totalling. 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