It also harmonizes well with the doctrine that the Christian's union with the Son in his humanity brings him into union with one who contains in himself, in the Apostle Paul's words, "all the fullness of deity" and not a part. “In the Name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit” Paul R. Blake 01/17/21 - Sound Doctrine “In the Name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit” By Paul R. Blake. Another passage the Cappadocian Fathers quoted from was "By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, and by the breath of his mouth all their host" (Psalm 33:6). The most common belief among Christians is that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are three entities apart of one entirety. Sort by. Twitter | Website | The Scriptorium Daily Blog. Barnard, L. W. "The Antecedents of Arius." Without the Spirit’s agency in salvation, all that Christ has accomplished brings no value to us. Contrary to the teaching of many cults, there is no ontological subordination (no difference in the nature of the three Persons of the Godhead). Christians can easily identify with God the Father (Jehovah or Yahweh) and his Son, Jesus Christ. 5 The trinity is not a belief in three Gods; there is only one God, and we must never abandon that truth.  In the words of von Balthasar: "At this point, where the subject undergoing the 'hour' is the Son speaking with the Father, the controversial 'Theopaschist formula' has its proper place: 'One of the Trinity has suffered.' Yet another argument from the Cappadocian Fathers to prove that the Holy Spirit is of the same nature as the Father and Son comes from "For who knows a person's thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? The usual depiction of the Father as an older man with a white beard may derive from the biblical Ancient of Days, which is often cited in defense of this sometimes controversial representation. , In the Pauline epistles, the public, collective devotional patterns towards Jesus in the early Christian community are reflective of Paul's perspective on the divine status of Jesus in what scholars have termed a "binitarian" pattern of devotion. UPDATES OF THE GARY WILKERSON PODCAST. In the same way, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit all work together as one God. Gregory of Nazianzus would say of the Trinity, "No sooner do I conceive of the One than I am illumined by the splendour of the Three; no sooner do I distinguish Three than I am carried back into the One. His object is to make it plain that His own will is connected in indissoluble union with the Father. The OT speaks of the "Spirit of God" quite frequently. It is above all the divine missions of the Son's Incarnation and the gift of the Holy Spirit that show forth the properties of the divine persons.  According to Dale Allison, Acts depicts the appearances of Jesus to Paul as a divine theophany, styled on and identified with the God responsible for the theophany of Ezekiel in the Old Testament. Amen.” Equally important is whom we are not to pray to. Conclusion . Here is a model of a perfect, most sublime authority-submission relationship displayed in the supremacy of the Father, subordination of the Son to the Father wherein the Son glories in the Father, the Father glories in the Son, the Spirit submitting to the Father and the Son. Our tendency can be to appropriate certain attributes to particular persons of the Trinity, but in doing so we must be guided by scripture. When I contemplate the Three together, I see but one torch, and cannot divide or measure out the undivided light. Please see our page WHO IS THE HOLY SPIRIT? , The Bible reveals it although only in the two neighboring verses 1 John 4:8.16, therefore one must ask if love itself is triune. This concept was later taken by both Reformed and Catholic theology: in 1971 by Jürgen Moltmann's The Crucified God; in the 1972 "Preface to the Second Edition" of his 1969 German book Theologie der Drei Tage (English translation: Mysterium Paschale) by Hans Urs von Balthasar, who took a cue from Revelation 13:8 (Vulgate: agni qui occisus est ab origine mundi, NIV: "the Lamb who was slain from the creation of the world") to explore the "God is love" idea as an "eternal super-kenosis". While the developed doctrine of the Trinity is not explicit in the books that constitute the New Testament, the New Testament possesses a "triadic" understanding of God and contains a number of Trinitarian formulas. 3:16) and reasoned that it would be blasphemous for an inferior being to take up residence in a temple of God, thus proving that the Holy Spirit is equal with the Father and the Son. Second, we don't believe that the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit are three "forms" of God—like, steam, water and ice. Scripture in one place or another identifies Knowing with each of the three Persons all told. Follow answered Feb 6 '12 at 19:31. user304 user304. According to the Athanasian Creed, the doctrine of the Trinity states that the Father, Son and Spirit are: three distinct persons that share the same God-substance (con-substantial) each person is fully God, yet there is one God, not three each person shares the divine attributes, and they are equally worthy of worship (co-equal) Let us rather, in a sense befitting the Godhead, perceive a transmission of will, like the reflexion of an object in a mirror, passing without note of time from Father to Son. The Latin equivalent for this term is circumincessio. The Father and Son are one in divine nature (essence) or spirit, as God is a Spirit. Each of these three persons is said to be equal to the others, almighty, and without beginning. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online. Lest he be misunderstood, Magliola, in a subsequent publication, makes sure to specify that each of the three Persons, while unique as a Person, is nonetheless—because of the Divine "consubstantiality" and "simplicity"—the one Reality that is God. Johnson, Thomas K., "What Difference Does the Trinity Make?" Another object analogy is to get out a tray of ice cubes and ask your child… According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, The Fathers of the Church distinguish between theology (theologia) and economy (oikonomia). 'Father, Son and Holy Spirit, One in essence and undivided.' They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! " Robert Magliola explains that most theologians have taken relationis oppositio in the "Thomist" sense, namely, the "opposition of relationship" [in English we would say "oppositional relationship"] is one of contrariety rather than contradiction. A central critique offered by Keathley of the equivalent view had to do with “Father,” “Son” and “Holy Spirit” terminology. John 24:15-31 - Jesus Promises The Holy Spirit. This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 12:44. Perichoresis provides an intuitive figure of what this might mean. Acts 5:1-11 - Ananias And Sapphira Lie To The Holy Spirit On this point St. 12:8-9), the presence of Jesus is confessionally invoked by believers (1 Cor. Throughout the Bible, we find evidence of the triune nature of God. Loeb Classical Library, 2003, 119. However, this passage is not considered to be part of the genuine text, and most scholars agree that the phrase was a gloss. The economy of the Trinity refers to how Father, Son and Holy Spirit are revealed particularly in salvation. - Christian Classics Ethereal Library", Enchiridion symbolorum, definitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum, "NPNF2-09.  For this view Sabellius was excommunicated for heresy in Rome c. 220. That's the heresy called Modalism. That is, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are co-equal and co-eternal. Vol. Which is to say, according to the relationis oppositio, Knowing (in our example) does not define the Persons [qua individual Persons] at all, but the Unity of God instead.  The Ante-Nicene Fathers asserted Christ's deity and spoke of "Father, Son and Holy Spirit", even though their language is not that of the traditional doctrine as formalized in the fourth century. According to their understanding, because "breath" and "spirit" in Hebrew are both "רוּחַ" ("ruach"), Psalm 33:6 is revealing the roles of the Son and Holy Spirit as co-creators. , The Pneumatomachi contradicted the Cappadocian Fathers by quoting, "Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?" This thread is archived. Each of the Three is able to talk to each other as distinct Person (like when God the Son prayed to God the Father).  The Gospel of John ends with Thomas's declaration that he believed Jesus was God, "My Lord and my God!" So it would seem to follow that the Holy Spirit is love. We see the Trinity in action in the Redemption of the believer. Those who place great emphasis on the baptisms in Acts often likewise question the authenticity of Matthew 28:19 in its present form.  Justin supposed that the God who visited Abraham was distinguishable from the God who remains in the heavens, but was nevertheless identified as the (monotheistic) God. The underlying question is if the three Persons of the Trinity can live a self-love (amor sui), as well as if for them, with the conciliar dogmatic formulation in terms that today we would call ontotheological, it is possible that the aseity (causa sui) is valid. Acts 4:1-4 - Peter And John Arrested. For other uses, see, Christian doctrine that God is one God, but three coeternal consubstantial persons, Third Council of Constantinople (680-681), Augustine had poor knowledge of the Greek language, and no knowledge of Hebrew. The Holy Spirit comes from the Father, as He is the source of all things (1 Corinthians 8:6). Patriarch Photius (9th century) was the first Orthodox theologian to explicitly spell out the Greek opposition to the Filioque concept, but the debate continued throughout the Middle Ages. The inclusion of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit shows that one name of God belongs completely to each distinctive person of the Godhead. Sort by. "Now below Paul will lay out our triune God below in these passages. The interplay between Abraham on the one hand and the Lord/three men/the two angels on the other was an intriguing text for those who believed in a single God in three persons. The one divine nature of the Godhead as eternally existed as the three persons of the Trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Father is the Holy Spirit In the doctrine of the Trinity, the Father is most definitely NOT the Holy Spirit. The subset of Christianity that accepts this doctrine is collectively known as Trinitarianism, while the subset that does not is referred to as Nontrinitarianism (see also Arianism). So, let’s summarize this essential truth, drawing from Scripture: They reasoned that this passage proves that the Holy Spirit has the same relationship to God as the spirit within us has to us. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are One in counsel. In the fourth century, Arianism, as traditionally understood,[note 2] taught that the Father existed prior to the Son who was not, by nature, God but rather a changeable creature who was granted the dignity of becoming "Son of God". Proceeding from the idea that humans are created by God according to the divine image, he attempted to explain the mystery of the Trinity by uncovering traces of the Trinity in the human personality". The History of Creeds. Thus there is a distinction of persons but a unity of nature. In addition to its larger emphasis and importance placed on the Spirit in the New Testament, the Spirit is also described in much more personalized and individualized terms than earlier. In the Incarnation of Christ, the second person of the Trinity, the Son of God, took on a human body, human nature and death in order to save us. Among the Non-Trinitarian beliefs, the Sabellianism taught that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are essentially one and the same, the difference being simply verbal, describing different aspects or roles of a single being.  The first defense of the doctrine of the Trinity was in the early 3rd century by the early church father Tertullian. Tel: (719) 487-7888 | Fax: (719) 896-5410 Heaven or Hell.  He defended and refined the Nicene formula. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. God wants us to be near to him, but we can’t approach him unless we have the right Spirit. 283. share . Share. The Father the Son and the Holy Spirit Answers This page will help you find all of CodyCross Answers of All the Levels. The full Godhead—Father, Son and Holy Spirit—are unified and each uniquely involved in salvation. Yale University Press, 2019, 53. Then in Genesis 19, two of the visitors were addressed by Lot in the singular: "Lot said to them, 'Not so, my lord'" (Gen. 19:18) Augustine saw that Lot could address them as one because they had a single substance, despite the plurality of persons. The answer would be yes because the Holy Spirit is also God. Kupp, David D. Matthew's Emmanuel: Divine presence and God's people in the first gospel. Acts 3:12-26 - Peter Preaches In The Temple. Most scholars of New Testament textual criticism accept the authenticity of the passage, since there are no variant manuscripts regarding the formula, and the extant form of the passage is attested in the Didache and other patristic works of the 1st and 2nd centuries: Ignatius, Tertullian, Hippolytus, Cyprian, and Gregory Thaumaturgus.. 13:14, “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ , and the love of God , and the communion [fellowship] of the Holy Ghost , be with you all. He defines the Trinity as God, His Word (Logos) and His Wisdom (Sophia) in the context of a discussion of the first three days of creation, following the early Christian practice of identifying the Holy Spirit as the Wisdom of God. "Trinity, Holy, Devotion To," in (eds. The Father is greater than the Son and the Holy Spirit in power.  They cannot be separate from one another. Still, they may feel that it is taught in the Bible. Adoptionism was the belief that Jesus was an ordinary man, born of Joseph and Mary, who became the Christ and Son of God at his baptism. Bruce Metzger and Michael Coogan) 1993, p. 782–3. Many who believe the Trinity admit that they are not able to explain this teaching. Otherwise they would not be one God. (John 20:28). This means that God is God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit – three in one. The Holy Spirit is given to Jesus Christ the Son of God.  Another interpretation is that this passage should be studied from a rhetorical perspective; so as not to be an error, but an intentional misrepresentation of the doctrine of the Trinity in order to demonstrate its absurdity from an Islamic perspective. For, in the divine nature by which He is equal to the Father, the power of the Father and the Son is the same and their operation is the same. Magliola goes on to explain: Because such is the case (among other reasons), Karl Rahner rejects the "psychological" theories of Trinity which define the Father as Knower, for example, and the Son as the Known (i.e., Truth). The Messiah, son of Mary, was no other than a messenger, messengers (the like of whom) had passed away before him. 19 "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age. An early Trinitarian formula appears towards the end of the first century, where Clement of Rome rhetorically asks in his epistle as to why corruption exists among some in the Christian community; "Do we not have one God, and one Christ, and one gracious Spirit that has been poured out upon us, and one calling in Christ?" report. , Oneness Pentecostals demur from the Trinitarian view of baptism and emphasize baptism ‘in the name of Jesus Christ’ the original apostolic formula. I cannot grasp the greatness of that One so as to attribute a greater greatness to the rest. This thread is archived. ", Athanasius of Alexandria explained that the Son is eternally one in being with the Father, temporally and voluntarily subordinate in his incarnate ministry. The three persons of the Trinity always work inseparably, for their work is always the work of the one God. As Scripture uniformly presents, the Spirit graciously, effectively, and permanently gives us Christ Jesus and every blessing he … Father, Son and Holy Spirit, Regarding the difference between the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, the theologian John Wesley said, “Bring me a worm that can comprehend a man, and then I will show you a man that can comprehend the triune God !” The study of God is the highest subject any human can ever even attempt to comprehend. 4:1/Lk 4:1), and Paul refers to the Spirit interceding for believers (Rom 8:26–27) and witnessing to believers about their filial status with God (Rom 8:14–16). God is the third of three; when there is no Lord save the One Lord. (Quran 5:72-75), Interpretation of these verses by modern scholars has been varied. The Father and the Son are usually differentiated by age, and later by dress, but this too is not always the case. Do not then let us understand by what is called a 'commandment' a peremptory mandate delivered by organs of speech, and giving orders to the Son, as to a subordinate, concerning what He ought to do. "Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology: Ignatius's Letter to the Magnesians, Ch. As stated in the Athanasian Creed, the Father is uncreated, the Son is uncreated, and the Holy Spirit is uncreated, and all three are eternal without beginning. The Holy Spirit is God. , Some Church Fathers believed that a knowledge of the mystery was granted to the prophets and saints of the Old Testament, and that they identified the divine messenger of Genesis 16:7, Genesis 21:17, Genesis 31:11, Exodus 3:2 and Wisdom of the sapiential books with the Son, and "the spirit of the Lord" with the Holy Spirit. God the Spirit . , The Trinity is most commonly seen in Christian art with the Spirit represented by a dove, as specified in the Gospel accounts of the Baptism of Christ; he is nearly always shown with wings outspread. 2:10-11), people are baptized in Jesus’ name (1 Cor. You absolutely cannot confess this doctrine and say the Father is the Holy Spirit. The Father, Son and Holy Spirit all share the same attributes, character and nature. It’s also written in (Matthew 28:19) baptize them in … Nevertheless, we never see an instance in the Bible where anyone prays to the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit creates this love in us through a transforming encounter with the manifestation of the Father’s love for us in the propitiation of his only Son: “Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God” (v. 15). 12:8-10) so that the angels could announce events to come. This kind of love hints at a love that is more self-centered than community-centered, a love that is focused inward instead of outward. Although the main text used in defense of the deity of the Holy Spirit was Matthew 28:19, Cappadocian Fathers such as Basil the Great argued from other verses such as "But Peter said, 'Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land? It is a redemptive work of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit all working as one.