The foundation of this step is a fouetté movement with a jeté battu. The thigh should also be held horizontal so that the pointed toe of the working foot passes at (approximately) the height of the supporting knee. Broken, breaking. One of the basic poses in ballet, arabesque takes its name from a form of Moorish ornament. Indicates that a step is to be done traveling in a diagonal direction. See Battement en cloche, grand. The direction of the body is effacé with the body inclining backward or forward with each change of weight. They are done petit and grand. This position corresponds to the fifth position en avant, Cecchetti method, or the first position, French and Russian Schools. A Polish folk dance in 3/4 time which has been introduced into a number of ballets as a character dance. If an assemblé is porté it requires a preparatory step such as a glissade to precede it. In the grand plié in the second position or the fourth position ouverte (feet in the first position but separated by the space of one foot) the heels do not rise off the ground. In the Cecchetti assemblé both knees are bent and drawn up after the battement so that the flat of the toes of both feet meet while the body is in the air. A term of the French School used to indicate that the dancer turns slowly in place on one foot by a series of slight movements of the heel to the required side while maintaining a definite pose such as an arabesque or attitude. Tutu: The fluffy skirt worn by the female dancer. In a diagonal. A term of the Cecchetti method. Used to indicate that a given step is executed moving forward, toward the audience. transfer of weight from one foot to another, down-up-up stepping in a direction, usually with a turn, to assemble - a jump off one foot landing on two, fast movement - usually jumping, petit (little ) or grand (big), chain turns - first position, half turn, half turn, etc, to change - jump in fifth or third position, changing which foot is in front, to escape - Échappé sauté - jump to second (from first or fifth) and jump back, neck of the foot - position of the foot with little toe at ankle (in front) or heel at back of ankle (back), in fifth position - spring releve to crossed fifth, spring pointes - jump from one foot to the other, one foot pointed on the floor in front, change legs with each jump, position of leg/foot with little toe under knee (front) or foot behind knee (back), exploded - leg in second position, body to corners. Jeté interlaced. The body and head should come into play and a suggestion of épaulement should be used. This step is very much like a pas de valse and is an alternation of balance, shifting the weight from one foot to the other. Because there are so many specific positions and variations, it helps to know the definitions. The head is raised slightly and turned toward the raised arm so that the eyes look into the palm of the hand. Like a bell. Executed by stepping directly on the point or demi-pointe of the working foot in any desired direction or position with the other foot raised in the air. Basic Ballet Terms; Shared Flashcard Set. Quickly close the legs and beat the calves of the legs together, open slightly to the side, and come to the ground in demi-plié in the fifth position R foot back. A term applied to steps or enchaînements executed in a circle. One of the directions of épaulement. When this term is added to the name of a step, the movement is performed while jumping. Battement fondu developed. Sissonne is named for the originator of the step. In all entrechats both legs beat equally. Bent, bending. Although the positions of the feet are standard in all methods, the positions of the arms are not, each method having its own set of arm positions. WHO DOES BALLET? Marching step. This may refer to positions (the second and fourth positions of the feet are positions ouvertes), limbs, directions, or certain exercises or steps. In the Russian and French Schools, the pointed toe is brought to retiré devant before extending the leg forward or to retiré derrière before extending the leg backward. Indicates that the body is to turn while executing a given step. If the échappé is done in the second position the R foot may be closed either front or back. Below are the seven movements that provide the basis of ballet … In the French School the term is used to indicate a position or direction of the body similar to effacé, that is, à la quatriéme devant ouvert or effacé devant en l’air. Large pirouette in the second position. In all pliés the legs must be well turned out from the hips, the knees open and well over the toes, and the weight of the body evenly distributed on both feet, with the whole foot grasping the floor. All steps where the dancer jumps are considered allégro, such as sautés, jetés, cabrioles, assemblés, and so on. Sissonne may be performed petite or grande. Plié is one of the most basic steps in ballet; it’s the first thing most ballerinas learn right… • Ballon. (See Battement tendu). This jeté is done in all directions and in a circle. All demi-pliés are done without lifting the heels from the ground. It may also be done in a series. Outward. This is performed in the same manner as battemen fondu simple(q.v). 70 ballet terms with pictures (no accents) : ) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Ballet Terminology is like another language in the dance world. In the execution of port de bras the arms should move from the shoulder and not from the elbow and the movement should be smooth and flowing. Arms low or down. Pricked pirouette. A step in which one foot literally chases the other foot out of its position; done in a series. You just join in, repeating each clip as often as you need. 09/28/2010. which has little épaulement. Indicates that an exercise is to be executed to the fourth position front, to the second position and to the fourth position back, or vice versa. Demi-plié in the second position (R arm curved in front of the body, L arm in second); spring onto the L demi-pointe, throwing the R leg to the second position and touring en dehors. With a strong jump open the legs, beat the R leg behind the L, open the legs, beat the R leg in front of the L, open the legs and finish in demi-plié in the fifth position, R foot back. This is an abbreviation of the term “tours chaînés déboulés”: a series of rapid turns on the points or demi-pointes done in a straight line or in a circle. Coda The ballet term associated with the exciting and upbeat part of a performance or class. Turning. This term may refer to a step, movement or the placing of a limb in front of the body. The step owes its name to the likeness of the movement to a cat’s leap. Both legs should be fully turned out during the jump. In the French School, relevé is done with a smooth, continuous rise while the Cecchetti method and the Russian School use a little spring. En dehors (Cecchetti method): Fourth position R foot back. This use of the eyes while turning is called “spotting.” Pirouettes may be performed in any given position, such as sur le cou-de-pied, en attitude, en arabesque, à la seconde, etc. Fourth position (Quatrième position): This pose may be taken devant or derrière, either à terre or en l’air. The next balancé will be to the left side. The force of momentum is furnished by the arms, which remain immobile during the turn. In pirouettes the term indicates that a pirouette is made outward toward the working leg. Try out some basic ballet positions and steps here or experience ballet for yourself with classes for all ages, including adult beginning ballet classes. In the third position one foot is in front of the other, heels touching the middle of the other foot. When performing a développé to second position, the front foot is brought to retiré devant and then extended, or the back foot is brought to retiré derrière and then extended. On reaching the open position both knees must be held taut. A step of beating in which the dancer jumps into the air and rapidly crosses the legs before and behind each other. As, for example, in battements tendus en croix. These positions are used in some Russian schools. Shouldering. The jump is done on the foot which is thrown forward as in grand battement at 90 degrees, the height of the jump depending on the strength of the thrust and the length of the jump depending on the strong push-off of the other leg which is thrust up and back. Same as battement tendu jeté (Russian School), battement glissé (French School). Note: In all jumping movements the tips of the toes should be the first to reach the ground after the jump, then the sole of the foot followed by the heel. lt is a turn in the air in which the dancer rises straight into the air from a demi-plié, makes a complete turn and lands in the fifth position with the feet reversed. The placing of the shoulders. Each of the positions utilizes turn-out, or a 90-degree rotation of the leg from the hip joint. This is the classical fourth position but it may also be done with the feet in the first position, only separated by the space of one foot. Fondu on the L foot, extending the R leg forward again. As, for example, in sissonne fermée en vant. The term port de bras has two meanings: (1) A movement or series of movements made by passing the arm or arms through various positions. In reference to a particular step (for example, jeté devant), the addition of the word “devant” implies that the working foot is closed in the front. Ballet should look effortless; likewise, this quiz/worksheet combo will help you effortlessly recall key concepts and vocabulary in ballet. Tour en l’air may also be finished in various poses such as attitude, arabesque, grande seconde or on one knee. A term of the French School. Casting and programming subject to change. Land in demi-plié in the fifth position, R foot back. This is an exercise to render the joints and muscles soft and pliable and the tendons flexible and elastic, and to develop a sense of balance. In the Russian School, ballotté is performed traveling forward on ballotté en avant and backward on ballotté en arrire to the place from which the first jump began. The crossing of the legs with the body placed at an oblique angle to the audience. Struck battement. Attitude (ah tea tude) - A variation on the arabesque. When épaulement is used the position of the head depends upon the position of the shoulders and the shoulder position depends upon the position of the legs. Stand on the R leg facing corner 2 in the second arabesque à terre. Battements tendus may also be done with a demi-plié in the first or fifth position. Demi means half (demi plié), and grande means big or large (grande plié). See Jeté en tournant en avant, grand (Cecchetti method). Large fouetté, turning. In the beginning, ballet was only performed by royalty in the courts of kings and queens. Ballet Movements. The word “Ballet” itself is French in origin, ballet is a classical dance form with flowing patterns to create expression through movement. The feet should glide rapidly to the open position and both feet must move evenly. It is the basis of the allegro step, the jeté. The exercise at the barre is usually preceded by a preparation from the first or fifth position which is done on two introductory chords. In ballet, there are five basic positions of the feet, numbered one through five. In steps and exercises the term en dedans indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l’air, moves in a circular direction, counterclockwise from back to front. To start with, it can be tricky to remember for any dancer, but soon it will become a natural part to your dancing. The supporting foot springs from the floor and the landing is made in fondu on the working leg with the other foot extended in the air or sur le cou-de-pied. Title. Cabrioles are divided into two categories: petite, which are executed at 45 degrees, and grande, which are executed at 90 degrees. ; À terre: "On the ground," indicates a movement. Pas de bourrée, running. Fouettés are usually done in a series. Separated, thrown wide apart. Demi-plié and, with a little spring, open the feet to the second or fourth position sur les pointes. As, for example, in piqué en arabesque, piqué développé and so on. In the Cecchetti method, the working foot is brought up to the retiré position with the toe pointed at the side of the knee (retiré de côté) before extending the leg in the required direction. A small beating step in which the movement is broken. A term of the Russian School. Sign up here stay up to date with ABT news and offers! It’s a form of ar... Merce Cunningham Dance Analysis Having done Cunningham technique it is posible to notice obvious similarities between ballet. With a little spring return to the fifth position in demi-plié. Ronds de jambe en l’air are done at the bar and in centre practice and may be single, or double, en dehors or en dedans. An échappé is a level opening of both feet from a closed to an open position. The French School has a preparatory position and five standard positions. An allegro step in which the extended legs are beaten in the air. Fondu on the L leg, at the same time extending the R leg to quatrième position devant en l’air (croisé devant). Big assemblé, turning. Beginner Ballet Terms. In ballet it is a position of the body, in profile, supported on one leg, which can be straight or demi-plié, with the other leg extended behind and at right angles to it, and the arms held in various harmonious positions creating the longest possible line from the fingertips to the toes. The raising of the body on the tips of the toes. Positions of the arms. The landing is made on the R leg in demi-plié in the first arabesque facing corner 2, on the spot from which the jump began. The body should rise at the same speed at which it descended, pressing the heels into the floor. (French pronunciation: [balɑ̃se]; "balanced") A rocking sequence of three steps—fondu, relevé, fondu (down, up, down)—executed in three counts. Crossed. Chains, links. Saint-Léon wrote, “Fondu is on one leg what a plié is on two.” In some instances the term fondu is also used to describe the ending of a step when the working leg is placed on the ground with a soft and gradual movement. As, for example, in assemblé en tournant. Closed sissonne. This product contains 99 flashcards of basic ballet terminology and their definitions. Stretched. Total Cards. Tendu. The head turns and the eyes “spot”, providing additional force for the turns. The two fundamental positions of épaulement are croisé and effacé. • … Same as pas de bourrée suivi. Ronds de jambe en l’air may also be done with the leg extended to the second position en l’air (demi-position) and closed to the calf of the supporting leg. Remember: Dancers work many years to achieve a full 90-degree turn-out!Wait…where’s Third Position? Glissade may also be done sur les pointes. The arm on the side of the raised leg is held over the head in a curved position while the other arm is extended to the side. In steps and exercises the term en dehors indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l’air, moves in a circular direction, clockwise. It may be seen today in such ballets as The Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake. There are two kinds of ronds de jambe à terre: those done en dedans (inward) and those done en dehors (outward). Indicates that the working foot passes behind the supporting foot. This is why the official language of ballet is French. The torso is held perpendicular. The leg is in contact with the floor. The bending movement should be gradual and free from jerks, and the knees should be at least half-bent before the heels are allowed to rise. In this position the feet form one line, heels touching one another. In the fifth position, Cecchetti method, the feet are crossed so that the first joint of the big toe shows beyond either heel. Ballet beginners start with a less extreme turnout. A raising of the body on the points or demi-pointes, point or demi-pointe. As, for example, in glissade en arriére. As, for example, in assemblé dessus. The grandes sissonnes are sissonne ouverte at 90 degrees, sissonne renversée and sissonne soubresaut. A battement tendu is the commencing portion and ending portion of a grand battement and is an exercise to force the insteps well outward. Is to loosen the hip joints and turn out the legs are rotated from the or! 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