Punishment in the ancient Egyptian military was harsh and beatings over minor infractions were common. Thanks to modern archaeology, much is known about the activities of these soldiers, including where they lived during their service. and swords. There was a well defined hierarchy in the Egyptian army. The Hittite Empire and the Battle of Kadesh. They did not engage in combat until much older. Ancient art and artifacts. Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of eastern North Africa, concentrated along the northern reaches of the Nile River in Egypt.The civilization coalesced around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh, and it developed over the next three millennia. What did ancient Egyptian soldiers live in? All rights reserved. But unlike his modern-day counterpart, the Pharaoh also boasted absolute control over his kingdom’s resources and the administrative sector. The Egyptian soldiers carried a simple armament consisting of a spear with a copper spearhead and a large wooden shield covered by leather hides. They were more widely respected than others of the working class, and they gained recognition from the elite and even the royal family. They built a line of fortresses in the south to protect themselves from their African neighbor, the Nubians. The ancient Egyptian society comprised three significant classes: the peasants, the priests, and the military. Women in Ancient Egypt wore rough linen dresses. The Defensive Role of the Ancient Egyptian Soldier . Egyptians often hired foreign soldiers (mercenaries) to battle with them. Most of the soldiers were footmen. Create your account. Become a Study.com member to unlock this The information about the ancient Egyptian army has appeared in the Middle Kingdom. The soldiers of ancient Egypt utilized a variety of weapons which varied based on the period in history. C raftworkers lived in one- or two-storey flat-roofed dwellings made of mud bricks. For example during the reign of the famous Pharaoh Ramses The Hittites and Ancient Anatolia. ancient Egyptian army was voluntary. Soldiers were paid wages, which in ancient Egypt were not monetary. During the Middle Kingdom, the ancient Egyptians created a trained central army, led by commanders. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Scribes - Scribes were important people in Ancient Egypt as they were the only people who knew how to read and write. Slavery in ancient Egypt existed at least since the New Kingdom (1550–1175 BC). An army had to march wherever they could, fight, get whatever they can, and come back with booty. drills and exercise that put them in great physical shape. The ancient Egyptians built fortresses in the Delta region, to protect themselves from enemies coming in from the Mediterranean Sea. Ancient egyptian soldiers lived in cupboards and were tortured by the pharaos if they went out of the cupboard without permission. Cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, geese and other fowl were commonly raised for meat and dairy. They lived in small, simple houses near the river, or wherever their husband lived. Donkeys were used as pack animals). Practice: Hittites. They ate bread, fruits, lettuce, and honey. High government officials like the vizier(the pharaoh's right hand man), the chief treasurer and the army general Egypt - Egypt - World War II and its aftermath: Although Egypt provided facilities for the British war effort during World War II (1939–45) in accordance with the 1936 treaty, few Egyptians backed Britain and many expected its defeat. The Egyptian soldiers seldom wore armor. The earliest Egyptian vases found were dedicated to Pharaoh Thoutmosis III, dating to around 1500 BC. The Ancient Egyptian soldiers were trained by a drill master. However, while there is considerable evidence of the favors bestowed upon elite troops and officers, assessing the fate of the ordinary soldier, who didn't leave tombs decorated with scenes from his life, is more difficult. Soldiers lived in the barracks at the various forts or camps constructed in ancient Egypt. These soldiers were untrained in warfare. The Egyptian Empire was built on the basis of expansion and securing the Egyptian borders. As with many armies of the ancient world, Egyptian soldiers were housed in barracks placed in strategic locations for either defense or deployment.... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. The Structure of the ancient Egyptian army varied throughout its long history but was usually well organized. Some merchants would exchange native products like gold, papyrus, linen cloth, and jewelry for cedar, ebony wood, and panther skins. Ancient Egyptian civilization. Only the most important soldiers wore armor made of bronze. • Worked as laborers on a lot of the construction like, palaces, temples and pyramids. Ancient Egyptians also managed to master the art of making red glass, which was very hard to do due to the glass having to be fired in an environment without oxygen. At other times there was no conscription and joining the Being an Ancient Egyptian soldier was hard work. Their uniforms were simple; usually just a short kilt made of linen. The reality is that there were not that many slaves in Egypt until the Greeks conquered the nation and ended the ancient Egyptian … Eventually the Chariot was incorporated into the military. Practice: Ancient Egypt. The military might of ancient Egypt was what translated the Pharaoh's ideas and tactics into a reality. These buildings were made of mud bricks that kept the soldiers cool in the Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. bread a day along with a jug or two of beer. Ancient Egyptian soldiers ate fruit, vegetables, meat and cakes sweetened with honey. The armies of ancient Egypt fought for, and protected, their land for thousands of years. straps. A series of fortresses were built on strategic locations on each of the borders of Egypt. Although it was not militarily innovative itself, Egyptian society could be very conservative. Soldiers would often go on long campaigns that would take them away from home for months at a time. Many of the soldiers were sent to these forts, a boring, monotonous but relatively safe role which brought little reward. However, they were also given the opportunity to plunder – a plus that came with war. Training would involve how to use weapons, hand-to-hand combat, and tactics. They were given rations of food which could be bartered for other items. The ancient Egyptian military, like all armies, was a product of the society that created it. During their free time they sat down to eat and watch their children play. Sometimes they would wear armor made of hardened leather Before the New Kingdom the Egyptian armies were composed of conscripted peasants and artisans, who would then mass under the banner of the pharaoh. An Egyptian soldier's life could be extremely boring and monotonous at times especially if stationed at one of the many forts that protected ancient Egypt's borders. Prior to the New Kingdom (1570 BC - 1544 BC) the pharaohs relied on the nomarch's (the governors of regions of ancient Egypt) to recruit soldiers for the army when necessary. • Other than fighting the army was often used for other tasks. This is the currently selected item. The soldiers ate mostly bread along with some vegetables. These weapons included spears, Axes, Bows and Arrows, slings, The Egyptian military readily adapted enemy weapons and technologies, becoming a powerhouse of the ancient world and one of the great military forces of history. (In Ancient Egypt horses were mainly used for war. For most of its history ancient Egypt did not use money; payments were made with commodities such as food. Life as an Egyptian Soldier Life as an Egyptian soldier was hard work. Higher ranking soldiers received more commodities. And … THEIR CLOTHES, COSTUMES The soldiers wore expecial clothes for fighting. Food was prepared in an outdoor kitchen equipped with a mud-brick oven. They rarely wore armor and depended instead solely on a shield for defense. in the blistering desert heat. Egyptian soldiers went into battle protected only by wooden or leather shields. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. answer! 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