Almost the entire movie is set in the cathedral of Notre Dame and it portrays some spiritual setting in its character. Even if Quasimodo is the most prominent example of an abandoned one and also is the main character, he is not the only one. They both lacked the parental love and grew up completely unable to be in touch with their emotions and deal with them in other way than repressing them. Have a look at the list of the main themes we made for you. -Theme Notre Dame. Study Guide for The Hunchback of Notre Dame. While Quasimodo and Esmeralda are the victims of their bodies, Frollo is the victim of his mind – its emotional part that abandoned him. He is raised by Frollo, so the fatalistic approach of the Judge is instilled in his brain. The Hunchback of Notre Dame study guide contains a biography of Victor Hugo, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Put your knowledge to the test. The novel starts at the Palace of Justice and the last place we see are the gallows of Montfaucon. Frollo and Quasimodo don’t even see much love in their life, though Quasimodo somehow preserves the ability to feel, while Frollo loses the healthy emotions entirely. WIN. We don’t know if there were reasons to consider Gypsies dangerous, or they ended up as beggars and thieves because they couldn’t integrate into the hostile society, but what we see is the clearly racist and very bigoted Parisian society. Him, escaping punishment, is a meta-example that makes us suffer: we can feel the injustice of the world that lets Phoebus go while everyone else ends dead. He doesn’t see any meaning in fighting fate, because he believes that no human is capable of doing it and winning. Despite the life goes by and the story definitely has the moments of joy and fun, nothing ends well for everyone except Phoebus. The crowd are afraid of Quasimodo because of his hideous appearance, but they crown him the fool’s pope and parade him through the streets. Frollo is the most pious and ready to yield to his destiny – but his repressed human nature breaks out and ruins both his life and the lives of everyone important to him. As we said above, the fate plays a very prominent role in the novel. Yet there are a lot of light-hearted moments of sheer comedy, happiness and enjoyment. The paper has addressed the description of the main characters together with the main themes in the film. The most obvious is the abandonment of Quasimodo by … He is described by one of the women of Paris as a “wicked” ugly man. He had a relatively happy childhood and life and he is a mere instrument of destiny, not its target. The Gothic cathedral of Notre Dame, in Paris, is a central motif in Victor Hugo’s novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Strangely enough, in his speech to Esmeralda he claims himself to be the fate: “It was Fate that caught you and threw you among the terrible gears of the machine that I have secretly constructed”. Quasimodo is hideous and almost unable to speak, which leaves him extremely vulnerable. There is too much suffering for anyone in a seemingly peaceful city. There is not much supernatural in The Hunchback of Notre Dame, but the medieval society still believes in it strongly. The novel documents the lives of several characters who live in and around Notre Dame, including Quasimodo, the titular “hunchback” who lives in isolation in the cathedral. Many people cannot even help whether or not they fall in love. There are many themes in Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, but the most prominent one relates to appearances. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The different types of love and losses, the lust that can’t be tamed either through piety or through courtship. It seems that the second version is more plausible. The Hunchback of Notre Dame themes are mostly existential, such as fate versus free will, the types of love and ways to control them and the sense of sufferings. In general, in the entire book there are too much coincidences to believe that the Fate doesn’t help the events of it happen. The unrequited sexual tension of all the characters also plays a major part as a plot drive. If you are interested in literary analysis samples, we have more for you on our blog. It also somehow explains why Phoebes avoids the overall tragedy: he doesn’t fit into this line. Study Guide for The Hunchback of Notre Dame. The original setting of "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" is January 6, 1482, the day of the Feast of Fools (traditionally held around the 1st), which was a popular festival during the Middle Ages (specifically in France). The first theme centers on the fact that people cannot be judged by appearances. Esmeralda’s own love for Phoebus is completely romantic and, despite being too exaggerated, looks the healthiest one of three. The Gypsies, as a nation, are also discriminated and seen as just bad people, whores, thieves and beggars at best and as witches and satanic offsprings at worst. Suffering is one of the most prominent The Hunchback of Notre Dame themes. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Quasimodo’s guardian, Archdeacon Claude Frollo—played by Jackson Bouchard—reluctantly raises him when Frollo’s brother Jehan dies and leaves his deformed son in his hands. Frollo’s words are the distorted version of the romantic “We are destined to be together” and his obsession becomes even more creepy. Think you’ve got your head wrapped around The Hunchback of Notre-Dame? The first song from the Disney movie The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Gringoire’s love for Esmeralda’s pet goat Djali is portrayed either as a comic relief (though in a very grim way) or as something completely contradicting every other expression of love. . Christianity combined with clearly Pagan customs like the election of the King of Fools on the festival creates a rich soil for the superstitions of any kind. Okay, it's not once upon a time: it's specifically January 6th, 1482, and a crowd of Parisians are celebrating the Festival of Fools by waiting for a play to begin. Through The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Disney explored themes like the malleability of the masses, abuse of authority, prejudice, religion, obsession, sexuality, … Before diving into the splashy production of The Hunchback of Notre Dame now running at the 5 th Avenue Theatre, a cast of characters is in order, as this musical adaptation is based on both the Gothic 1831 Victor Hugo novel and the very-G-rated 1996 Disney film.. As always, our hero is Quasimodo, the “half-formed” bell-ringer of Notre Dame Cathedral, who lives locked away in the bell … It is the symbol of decay and oblivion. The age when the events of the novel take place is notoriously intolerant to everyone who differs from the “default” dweller of Paris. He is cruel and he is driven mad by his lust, but he does actually do something and he does actually care about the system working. Either this fate was very common in Paris of that time, or it has something to do with the common fate that binds them. It is set in 1482 in Paris, in and around the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris. Victor Hugo uses contrasting themes to highlight the dual natures of his characters and setting in The Hunchback of Notre Dame. 'Our Lady of Paris', originally titled Notre-Dame de Paris. In the whirlwind of deaths, revelations and passions, it stands as a sanctuary, creating the image that its walls can hide even from the destructive influence of time. These both are NOT official, they are fanmade! Central themes Hugo’s The Hunchback of Notre Dame considers what it means to be a monster. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Frollo is the character who believes in fate most of all. In that very crowd, where he is the King of Fools, Esmeralda is the dancer everyone looks at with awe. Mostly these superstitions are directed towards someone who doesn’t fit the social standard. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6172c4bc9c59f0e1 Frollo’s lust gets out of control and scares him so much that, instead of looking into himself and admitting that he is a man who has sexual desires, he claims it to be a spell and witchcraft. It terrifies us and makes us question the very concept of justice. Almost every character has to suffer more or less and only a few of them make it out alive. Not only people lack empathy to see his nature under his appearance, but he is considered outright evil. The Cathedral becomes the link between these two ages. No one has time to read them all, but it’s important to go over them at least briefly. Quasimodo’s desires are barely seen and mostly repressed by his shame and feeling that he is unworthy of love in any sense. The Hunchback of Notre-Dame: Themes (For the Most Part) Quiz. The author, unfortunately, only supports these views, because to be truly good, Esmeralda should turn out to be not a Gypsy, but the daughter of a French woman Paquette, kidnapped by (evil) Gypsies in infancy. Also addressing the film's darker themes, The Daily Mail called The Hunchback of Notre Dame "Disney's darkest picture, with a pervading atmosphere of racial tension, religious bigotry and mob hysteria" and "the best version yet of Hugo's novel, a cartoon masterpiece, and one of the great movie musicals". The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (French: Notre-Dame de Paris, lit. The tragedy of the book is that there is no divine justice (even the power of the Cathedral and the force that dwells there is limited) and the secular justice is too flawed to serve as one. The contrasts establish tensions central to the plot. Phoebus does whatever he pleases – still he lives happily ever after. He hopes that after executing Esmeralda everything will get back to norm. For example, the birth of a physically deformed child like Quasimodo is considered a bad omen and such a person will be always treated as a wicked and wrong one. Everyone who can be called “the Other” becomes an outcast in the society and is automatically guilty of everything altogether. He doesn’t care about the people though…. Surprisingly, Claude Frollo is the victim of the same abandonment, as is his brother. The list and analysis of the Hunchback of Notre Dame main themes. He even states that him finding Quasimodo and having mercy on him isn’t a coincidence, but a meaningful event. Esmeralda, as a female character with all the double standards, has to be more cautious with her sexual desires, but still her wish to be with Phoebus helps Frollo a lot to condemn her. The novel by Victor Hugo, Notre Dame de Paris, includes in its title the year 1482. He doesn’t want to ring the bells forever, not knowing about the world around him. We hope it will help you to look at this brilliant classic novel from the different angle. If we indeed see Fate as an active character taking part in the plot development here, it, not Frollo, is the true villain of the story. “The Hunchback” tells the story of the hunchbacked bell ringer Quasimodo—played by Steven Macias—who lives behind the walls of Notre Dame Cathedral. We see Frollo carving the word “fate” on the wall, committing to yield to his destiny. 0. Even the judicial is bigoted towards him (though justice is praised as being equal for everyone), considering Quasimodo’s inability to communicate as arrogance and impertinence. The only place where the atmosphere of supernatural exists for real is the Cathedral. The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (French: Notre-Dame de Paris) is a French Romantic/Gothic novel by Victor Hugo, published in 1831.The original French title refers to Notre Dame Cathedral, on which the story is centered.English translator Frederic Shoberl named the novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame in 1833 because, at the time, Gothic novels were more popular than … Esmeralda gets lots of lust from the spectators of her dancing, but no one believes she can truly love. In-depth explanations of The Hunchback of Notre-Dame's themes. We're gonna level with you, folks: sex is a major player in The Hunchback of Notre-Dame.. Or at least, the desire to have sex is a major player. Comparing the past and the present, Victor Hugo still speaks about the flaws that exist even in the modern system of justice: the corrupted and indifferent people still work there. It's been written by the obliviously untalented Pierre Gringoire. These Greek capitals, black with age, and quite deeply graven in the stone, with I know not what signs peculiar to Gothic calig-raphy imprinted upon their forms and upon their attitudes, as How about getting full access immediately? The book tells the story of a poor barefoot Gypsy girl (La Esmeralda) and a misshapen bell-ringer (Quasimodo) who was raised by the Archdeacon (Claude Frollo). The medieval beliefs stated that the physical deformity is the mark of Devil or the sign of something wrong in the very soul of the owner of such a hideous body. Moreover, their fatal flaws can all be caused by one single thing: loss and lack of love. 0. Still, Quasimodo is a young man who has the courage to search for the exit from the web of fate. We're talking, of course, about The Hunchback of Notre-Dame. It seems that the deeper the character’s nature is the more he or she has to endure, disregarding of being good or evil in the story. Moreover, there is no power that can control them. The story shows not only passions and personal tragedies of the characters, but strongly hints that the justice of fate is a very vague thing. The people are extremely prejudiced towards Gypsies, considering them all thieves or witches. Criminal theories could also be identified within the … The novel makes Quasimodo’s defining characteristic his physical monstrosity, and his entire identity is constructed around being perceived as a monster. The real theme of Victor Hugo's Notre-Dame de Paris, as The Hunchback of Notre Dame was originally entitled, was to bring attention to the beauty, grandeur, and history of … This material is available only on Freebooksummary, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Even in the end she is valued less than her pet goat, who her husband (whom she saved from gruesome death by marrying him) considers more worthy to live. Throughout the story the overall tone shifts from comedy to tragedy and we never know the fates of the main characters until the very end. Phoebus is openly lascivious, he is not above cheating on his fiancée Fleur de Lis with a pretty Gypsy who seems to be totally in love with him – and he even not against the mysterious man who wants to see them having sex. Frollo and his brother share the hunchback’s pain of parental abandonment, though at least in their case there is cold comfort in knowing it wasn’t by choice, but through death. The time is an antagonist of the story. • Yet there are a lot of light-hearted moments of sheer comedy, happiness and enjoyment. The author has discussed the Claude Frollo character in the context of an antihero. The Hunchback of Notre Dame is one of the most prominent pieces of classical literature that inspired many more writers after Victor Hugo. The idea was that the low and high officials traded places. Study Guide for The Hunchback of Notre Dame. The Hunchback of Notre Dame study guide contains a biography of Victor Hugo, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. On the one end there is Frollo, who believes that everything is predefined and God knows best what tests to give to His people. Esmeralda appears to be a stolen kid, Quasimodo, Frollo and his brother are also the changelings or orphans. Judge Frollo looks like an excellent worker against such a background. Abandonment The theme of abandonment plays out in different ways in Hugo’s The Hunchback of Notre Dame. 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