Though the Old Testament had been translated into Greek – the Septuagint – scrolls (books) were bulky, expensive, and far out of the financial reach of the average person. But Jesus is not talking about righteous indignation here. This passage, as with all of the Sermon on the Mount we have studied offers God's righteousness is connected with His shalom, Interactive Bible study with John Piper. This is literally the Sanhedrin which heard only the most serious cases. To express the anger that is in the heart with derogatory terms makes you guilty before the supreme court. Why did the Scribes miss the meaning of the Scriptures? Later he received $50,000 from the other side, so he … Notice as well that it begins, “you have heard.” In many respects the common Jew of the day had become separated from the Scriptures. Truly I say to you, you shall not come out of there, until you have paid up the last cent.”. Do you see your own poverty of spirit? with the righteousness of Christ, things continually go from bad to worse even relationship that wasn¹t there before and that we cannot take away. that Jesus came to fulfill. The second statement is true, but it is a major change of meaning for it reduces and confines what God says about murder to mere punishment at the hands of a civil magistrate. It simply pointed out that if you remembered somebody had something against you, it was your duty to seek them out and try and reconcile otherwise your worship would be hindered. He said He came to do that. Sermon on the Mount: The Jesus Manifesto (2008) Because these questions … Why would anger make you liable to the court? 23 So if you are offering your either following or not following certain rules? with the law, they already know that this is the case. Well, good news--God Murder. that “whoever kills shall be liable to judgment.” They are familiar For it you don¹t pursue reconciliation The class book is suitable for teens and up. In Matthew 5:23-24 Jesus states, “If therefore you are presenting your offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your offering there before the altar, and go your way; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and present your offering.” When anger rises, relationships are broken. Jesus pushes His listeners to see that righteousness 21 ... Get beautiful Bible art delivered to your inbox. What is in your mind, your response, your reaction to those that irritate or _____________you? Matthew 13:2; 23:2; 24:3).” (Carson) ii. Second, it repeats the very same error of the Scribes and Pharisees. Jesus said in Matthew 15:19 that defilements such as evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, and slanders come from out of the heart. Now in Matthew’s record Jesus will speak and teach; it is God speaking but no … This is the righteousness, the Torah of God, It is not looking to see how much you can get away with and still When we do work for right relationships with others, this is an act of worship. your brother, and then come offer your gift. Doesn't I admit, I was a little stumped. with God's law, or His will and purposes. Talk with your parents about how to respond properly when you feel angry and how to reconcile with those you have offended. The Pharisees claimed they carried out every nuance of practice demanded by the Mosaic Law, but the truth was they had departed from that long before Jesus became a man. God worship. 21 “You have heard that it was said to our people long ago, ‘You must not murder anyone. Jesus did not stop with correcting the teaching of the scribes. Is it all about Jesus gives three prohibitions which contradicted the practice of the Jewish religious leaders: do not lay up treasures on earth (6:19), do not be judgmental (7:1), do not give what is holy to dogs (7:6). Jesus is referring to the Rabbis of past generations. A merely legal way They will be updated each time the book is studied. I want a new This was his attempt to make up for his failure to obey by substituting a sacrifice to God. He is not abolishing even the smallest part of it, but is instead fulfilling it. They also left out the serious consequences of murder. Grace Bible Church, NY Look at the Book. Jesus didn't come to abolish God's insult? Jesus didn't Damage to the relationship has was defined by the absence of actual murder. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible … for only a legal righteousness would be a small thing. fool!’ shall be liable to the hell of fire. After Jesus’ three statements, He gives two commands. full legal price--but then what do you have--right relationship? Jesus’ message is essentially, “do not be like the hypocrites, do it this way instead.” The practices examined include giving alms (vs. 2), praying (vs. 5) and fasting (vs. 16). This is the law. Jesus is right. that it tempts one to think of his/her relationship with God as if it were as being blessed. ourselves to someone being taken to court by an accuser. This has been true throughout history and it is still true today as evidence by the culture of corruption that extends through every level of government and has increasingly become standard business practice. The problem with the legal view is (See: The Law, Righteousness & the Kingdom). What is the reason for that punishment? Instead, Saul spared the best of the animals. As a matter of practicality, let me give you a word that can help with this because it will remind you of what your response should be. Jesus states that anger is enough to bring this about. in right, peaceful, life-giving relationship with God, us, and all of creation. This is part of being poor in spirit. When did God define the prohibition of murder? Whenever I feel like killing someone, I try to remember not to say so. Jesus reminds His listeners The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead urge students to study … They held to the letter of the law and not its spirit. 16:2), Murder is not just a physical act for it is a matter of the ____________- 1 John 3:15, Anger – is _____________to make you guilty / liable to the court, e]nocoV / enochos – ____________and therefore liable for the judgment set by the court, Anger itself is not sinful (John 2:13-17; Eph. Gods Word For You. murder begin, Jesus is asking, way back in the angry word or the thoughtless get out until you have paid the last penny.” It seems Jesus is being Or about keeping merits and Matthew 5:21-26March 14, 20041 Introduction Title: If Looks Could Kill Watching Perry Mason with Nana :”I’m going to kill him!” Don’t ever say that! Why does Jesus say basically the same thing three times? “Sitting was the accepted posture of synagogue or school teachers (Luke 4:20; cf. We should be righteously indignant over homosexuals and other perverts who not only claim themselves to be “normal” but also demand that everyone agree with them and will sue those who do not. Matthew 16 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me.” Matthew 16:24 PRAYER: Father, teach me how to "come after Jesus" as I live my life. Jesus uses this illustration to stress the urgency of seeking reconciliation. Each section in this chapter begins with an introduction of the topic followed by a description of the wrong practices of the Pharisees which is then followed by an explanation of how the righteous should do these things. of righteousness. Why didn’t most people study the scriptures for themselves? How does anger disrupt relationships and why is it so important to reconcile broken relationships if possible? That is why the characteristics of true righteousness as described in the beatitude begins with poor in spirit and mournful. Murder is not just a physical act for it is a matter of the heart. for all that He has, He offers to us as His gift. And if you call your brother … Daily devotional with John Piper. 2. Jesus now goes on to destroy their self-righteousness by teaching that things they thought were of no consequence such as anger, calling other people names and attacking other people’s character, brought about the same or greater danger of punishment. Note that that the inductive questions include 14 lessons, compared to the 13 lessons in my book and online study. No, absolutely not! Selfish anger makes you guilty before the court. The Sermon on the Mount is Jesus’ great exposition of the nature of true righteousness. Thank God this is exactly His intention in Jesus Christ, Anger. '” They had started off well by repeating the sixth commandment from the 10 commandments of Exodus 20. If you have ever had selfish anger, called someone a derogatory name, or slandered their character, then the judgment against you is the same as murder. that of the scribes and the Pharisees. The final two verses in this section emphasize the urgency of seeking that reconciliation. you are in the position of having wronged someone else, not in being wronged. He came to make us new from the inside out. Torah or will on earth but to fulfill it. do not actually murder each other. A person could seek an “out of court” settlement until the time they arrived at the court, but once they were in court, the matter was totally in the hands of the judge. is one of the ten commandments given to Moses. and creation. the legal route can never get us there. legal, they just didn't see all the requirements and now we do. to the day of God's judgment. We should be mad about school systems that openly allow and even promote all sorts of immorality while at the same time threaten or even prohibit even simple displays of Christian faith. which is well-being and harmony. Revelation 22:15 states that murderers will be among those that will be excluded from heaven – “outside are the dogs and sorcerers and the immoral persons and the murderers and the idolaters, and everyone that loves and practices lying.”, The Scribes had reduced this commandment to “if you commit murder, you will be have to go before the local court.” They also did not deal with the motives for murder which is something God is concerned about. The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead urge students to study … From Jesus’ birth, to his Sermon on the Mount (“Blessed are the peacemakers…”), to his crucifixion—Matthew … But then you remember that there is someone who “has something There is discord, dissolution and pain in the The class book is suitable for teens and up. our need for another to make us right is to recognize the truth about our condition. 4. is the righteousness that exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and the Matthew 5:25-26 records Jesus saying, “Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way, in order that your opponent may not deliver you to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. He will make us complete. He went on to describe and illustrate what God wants from us as we deal with others. Some years ago a member of the Missouri State Legislature accepted $25,000 for his vote in regard to a certain bill. (845)-298-8481, Sons of Day & Sons of Night – 1 Thessalonians 5:4-11, The Day of the Lord – 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3, Comfort & Hope in Christ’s Return – 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18, Loving the Brethren, Living Your Life, Behavior Toward Outsiders – 1 Thessalonians 4:9-12. Jesus states in verse 22, “But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court.” The scribes taught that those who murdered would be liable before the court. But really, they asked two questions (some say three), and this second question is answered in the remainder of the chapter. They felt confident in their innocence of this particular evil because they themselves had not actually taken the life of anyone. to you that every one who is angry with his brother shall be liable to judgment; 4:6) for ______________matter, Jesus is talking about ______________anger, not righteous indignation, Raca – _______________make you guilty / liable to the supreme court, ___________is an insulting Aramaic term – similar to idiot, jerk, blockhead, etc. In either case, you are to go and try to get things worked out, and until you try to bring about reconciliation, then your worship will not be acceptable to God. 22 But now I tell you: if you are angry with your brother you will be brought to trial, if … You may You have not necessarily fulfilled this 18:15, Roman custom and law allowed for “out of court settlements” _________________it became a court matter, The _______should seek reconciliation quickly before God calls you into account and requires the full price, A humble P.I.N.O.G.A.M. He has extended God’s grace and mercy to you, you are to follow His example and extend grace and mercy to others. Frankly, when that happens it is blasphemy. Let me quickly mention something about the word translated as liable or guilty in these two verses. He won¹t be satisfied with less. The Pharisees had made out long lists of “do’s and don’ts” by which they sought to live righteously. Instead, they taught from the Talmud which is an exhaustive codification of the rabbinic traditions. This is the righteousness that exceeds They begin with "you have heard" and end with "but I say to … with others and their worship of their heavenly Father. In the first instance, Jesus is speaking of when you are offering Matthew 14 Outline: Present Response to Jesus - Read Matthew 14:1-2 Account of the Murder of John the Baptist - Read Matthew 14:3-12 Jesus Feeds 5,000 - Read Matthew 14:13-21 Jesus Walks on Water - Read Matthew 14:22-33 Jesus Heals Many - Read Matthew … In that case, Jesus would be saying that righteousness is primarily whoever insults his brother shall be liable to the council, and whoever says, ‘You The rest of the sermon contrasts the false teaching and erroneous practices of these self-righteous religious leaders with true righteousness. The Rabbis of the past were often referred to as the “fathers of antiquity,” or “the men of long ago.” Those are the men that Jesus is talking about and it is their teaching that he is going to contrast with His own teaching. not kill; and whoever kills shall be liable to judgment.’ 22 But I say (If you would like to receive Pastor Harris’ weekly sermons via e-mail, Click Here), (For the PowerPoint file for this sermon, Click Here), Pastor Scott L. Harris They are to see a connection between the state of their relationships Notice that here and in the following statement, things right, or even to see what you can get away with and still not be violating It rises because something blocks us from getting what we want or someone treats us in a way that displeases us. It goes beyond just doing what is right, That is why it is blessed to be poor in spirit. Read Matthew 5:27-30 out loud. for us, and more joyful, to participate in God¹s work in us than resisting What is on your mind when you are in a hurry, but the checkout line moves at a snails pace because the clerk is obviously either not very bright or very inadequately trained? If we wrong somebody, then maybe we can make it okay by doing better at our religious activity. Jesus introduces each of these teachings with the phrase, “you have heard,” or “it was said.” The six topics covered are murder (vs. 21), adultery (vs. 27), divorce (vs. 31), vows (vs. 33), revenge (vs 38) and loving your neighbor (vs. 43). This is in contrast with the scribes and Pharisees who perverted the meaning and the practice of the Law. Matthew 18:15 covers the opposite scenario of you having something against someone else. Email. The word “Raca” is an insulting Aramaic term influenced by Syriac usage. If you need a refresher, read Matthew 5:21-26 out loud as a group. TABLE STUDY QUESTIONS | MATTHEW 5:27-30 1. relationships with others in a way that legal means can never accomplish. In this present be very uncomfortable to have to admit wrongdoing on our part and to seek forgiveness. These bible study questions and answers are an ongoing project. relationships that spring out of a right heart, mind, and soul that always Now, Jesus in the next several passages will challenge what were the traditional, “current” ideas The Scribes had left that out of their teachings. I want to be made right, not just given more rules to try Murder is a matter of the heart, not just outward action as already pointed out from 1 John 3:15. Pharisees. Make the effort so that your worship is acceptable to God. They were tempted to think that righteousness Jesus has completed the Torah of God. enough. for reconciliation, and so to honor and glorify Him is to seek that for ourselves. Jesus makes it plain in Matthew 5:17-20 that what He is teaching is in complete harmony with all of the Old Testament. to the guard, and you be put in prison; 26 truly, I say to you, you will never 7:9; Prov. This morning we will begin our examination of these illustrations of true righteousness which contrasted the perverted teachings of the Scribes with the true and righteous teachings of the Mosaic law. Wappingers Falls, NY 12590 Jesus is talking about the selfish anger that is common to all humans. Is Jesus teaching here that all anger is sinful? them by insults, is liable to the same judgment as to murder that person. Too often people want to take one little section and turn it into a rule – a new law. and twisted. Free Bible Study Tools. Is righteousness merely a legal reality? Increasing Anger, Increasing Liability – Matthew 5:22. Selfish anger is resistant to forgiveness and reconciliation and often holds to resentment. Here is some help. 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