let's care for this planet T he American Community Survey (ACS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, publishes detailed estimates on spoken language statistics in New Mexico each year .. Scope: population of the United States. About half the estimated 7,000 languages spoken in the world today may disappear by the end of this century. Due to this situation there have been many different language revitalization strategies implemented in order to create a language shift to try to reverse this language shift. The Huastecan branch, composed of the Huastec and Chicomuceltec (extinct) languages, was the first to split off from the Mayan … Spanish was also the predominant language, spoken by about 62 percent (12.5 million) of immigrant LEP individuals. Most materials used in Mexican research are written in Spanish. This article examines growing linguistic diversity in the country and sketches a profile of the LEP population, … Sadly, many of them have few speakers or speakers who are of … Nowadays, there are over 7 million speakers of indigenous languages in Mexico. Interestingly, while Spanish is the dominant language in Mexico, it is not defined as the official language in Mexican legislation. Gross domestic product (GDP) in Mexico 2025, Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in Mexico 2025, Gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate in Mexico 2025. New, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Industry Outlook [14] Accordingly, they "have the same validity [as Spanish] in their territory, location and context". Educate Children. 2006 . [22], 1 Including: Òpata, Soltec, and Papabucan. Among those who identified as American Indian or Alaska Native Journal of Sociolinguistics, 15: 422–425. The Civil Rights Division’s Language Map App is an interactive mapping tool that helps users find out the concentration of and languages spoken by LEP individuals in a community. Mexico - Mexico - Ethnic groups: Mexico’s population is composed of many ethnic groups, including indigenous American Indians (Amerindians), who account for less than one-tenth of the total. Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019: 86.7%: Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019: 34.0%: Computer and Internet Use Though the tally is close, Spanish is the most spoken language in South America, edging out Portuguese by a few million people. In fact, Spanish speakers made up 5 percent of the population living in an AIANA, making them almost as common as speakers of Native North American languages. However, all such … The indigenous languages are from eleven distinct language families, including four isolates and one that immigrated from the United States. Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population: Mexico: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%; note - indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages… Náhuatl is the language spoken by the Mexica (pronounced meh-shee-ka) people, who are also sometimes referred to as Aztecs, who live mainly in the central part of Mexico.The second-most-spoken indigenous language is Maya, with about one and a half … Spanish tops the list as the most oft spoken non-English language in the United States, accounting for 62 percent of all foreign language speakers, or a total of 38 million people. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 14, pp 200–219. In 2003, the Mexican Congress approved the General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples, which is a law that recognizes that Mexico's history makes its indigenous languages "national languages". Mayan languages, family of indigenous languages spoken in southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize; Mayan languages were also formerly spoken in western Honduras and western El Salvador. The large majority of the population is monolingual in Spanish. Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries Millions of Americans speak languages other than English in their homes. Amer. There are other languages not native to Mexico that are spoken in the country. On June 14, 1999, the Council of Writers in Indigenous Languages presented Congress with a document entitled "Suggested legal initiatives towards linguistic rights of indigenous peoples and communities", with the goal of beginning to protect the linguistic rights of indigenous communities. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Mexico divided by total area of the country. 311–322. However, Asian languages were more likely to be spoken by the foreign-born LEP population, including Chinese (1.5 million, or 7 percent), Vietnamese (767,000, 4 percent), Korean (564,000, 3 percent), and Tagalog (484,000, 2 percent). Mexico population density. Arabic and Chinese were the next most commonly reported home languages (spoken by 136,500 and 106,500 students, respectively). Mexico - Mexico - Ethnic groups: Mexico’s population is composed of many ethnic groups, including indigenous American Indians (Amerindians), who account for less than one-tenth of the total. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. Grinevald, Colette. facts. Spanish was the home language of 3.7 million ELL public school students in fall 2017, representing 74.8 percent of all ELL students and 7.6 percent of all public K–12 students. Amer. CIA. Language Register in seconds and access exclusive features. This page discusses the languages spoken at home by the residents of New Mexico, and the extent to which the report speaking English. Learn more about how Statista can support your business. Many sixteenth-century churchmen studied indigenous languages in order to instruct native peoples in Christian doctrine. Arabic and Chinese were the next most commonly reported home languages (spoken by 136,500 and 106,500 students, respectively). Mexico has about six million citizens who speak indigenous languages. "[20] The result of the conflict between indigenous languages and Spanish has been a language shift in Mexico from indigenous languages being spoken to more people using Spanish in every domain. Sixty-five percent of Native North American language speakers lived in these three Philip II of Spain decreed in 1570 that Nahuatl become the official language of the colonies of New Spain in order to facilitate communication between the natives of the colonies.[2]. Spanish was the dominant language among the population speaking a non-English and non- Native North American language. Corporate solution including all features. As far as second languages go, many educated Mexicans (and those with little education who have immigrated to the US and returned) have different degrees of fluency in English. only $ 480 /year. Mexico population density is 66.2 people per square kilometer (171.4/mi 2) as of January 2021. Official stats place the percentage of Mexicans who can speak English at around 12% or about one-eighth of the population, with the lower amount of around 4% able to speak fluently. Diversity, Endangered, Matthias Brenzinger. The following table illustrates the number of speakers for the top seven indigenous language groups of Mexico in the 1970, 1990, 2000 and 2010 censuses. The Mexican state supports the preservation and promotion of the use of the national languages through the activities of the National Institute of Indigenous Languages.[15][16][17]. Percentage of the total population living in households in which a given language is spoken at home. Source: This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 19:24. The lion’s share of Amuzgos live in Guerrero (85.5%), while smaller numbers live in nearby Oaxaca (10.8%). Stavenhagen, Rodolfo (1990), "Linguistic Minorities and Language Policy in Latin America: The Case of Mexico", in Florian Coulmas (ed. California is king when it comes to bi- and multilingual residents. The large majority of the population is monolingual in Spanish. New, Everything you need to know about the industry development, Find studies from all around the internet. Close behind is Argentina, with 43.5 million speakers, followed by Venezuela (31.1 million), Peru (27.4 million), Chile (18.1 million), Ecuador (15.9 million), Bolivia (9.4 million), Paraguay (4.6 million), Uruguay (3.4 million), Brazil (491,000) and Trinidad and Tobago (70,000). July 11, 2019. One example of this group is of the American Mormon colony of Nueva Casas Grandes in Chihuahua, which settled in the late 19th century. New York: Springer, 2008. After the independence the government initiated an educational system with the primary aim of Hispanization of the native populations. In 188… Accessed January 25, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/275440/languages-in-mexico/, CIA. Mayan languages, family of indigenous languages spoken in southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize; Mayan languages were also formerly spoken in western Honduras and western El Salvador. Please authenticate by going to "My account" → "Administration". Mexican Spanish has its roots in the Spanish language. A whopping 45 … According to the Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples (CDI) and National Institute of Indigenous Languages (INALI), while 10–14% of the population identifies as belonging to an indigenous group, around 6% speak an indigenous language. This law means that indigenous peoples can use their native language in communicating with government officials and request official documents in that language. Residents Aged Five Years and Older, 2008–2010 6 Dimensions of Non-English Language Profi- ciency, by Generation, in Southern California, Many different languages are spoken in Mexico, though Spanish is the most widespread. let's care for this planet From the arrival of the first Franciscan missionaries, Spanish, Latin, and indigenous languages played parts in the evangelization of Mexico. [3][4], Except for the Second Mexican Empire, led by the Habsburg Maximilian I, no Mexican government tried to prevent the loss of indigenous languages during the 19th century.[3]. The most common indigenous language spoken in Mexico is Maya: Maya speakers represent almost 13 percent of Mexico's indigenous-speaking population. Ethnologue currently counts 282 indigenous languages currently spoken in Mexico, plus a number of immigrant languages (Lewis et al. The rest are spoken by immigrants or their descendants who tend to live in the larger cities and towns. Chances are, if you've seen a website or blog listing the "largest" or "most spoken" languages, it was from one iteration or another of our list. Proponents of making English the official language typically fall on the conservative side of the political scale, while opponents are usually more left-leaning and pro-immigrant. Despite the lac… Many popular languages are spoken in more than just one country. Several indigenous languages are spoken in Nicaragua, as listed below. Mexico has around 120 million inhabitants; most speak Spanish, and others also speak one of Mexico’s native languages. "Mexico: Distribution of languages in 2005." The Miskito language is the most spoken Indigenous language of Nicaragua, with about 154,400 native speakers. “Indigenous Language Policy and Education in Mexico.” Encyclopedia of Language and Education. Nearly 210 million South Americans speak Spanish, with the largest number living in Colombia — about 47.2 million. Unlike the Census—which is an exact count of people and households every ten years—ACS statistics are estimated based on a representative survey sample. ", a portal that contains multimedia files of phrases spoken in some of the national indigenous languages, National Institute of Indigenous Languages / in Spanish, General Law of Linguistic Rights of Indigenous Peoples, North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Mexico&oldid=994829662, Pages using Infobox country languages with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The states with the largest share of their populations speaking a foreign language at home in 2018 were California (45 percent), Texas (36 percent), New Mexico (34 percent), New Jersey (32 percent), New York and Nevada (each 31 percent), Florida (30 percent), Arizona and Hawaii (each 28 percent), and Massachusetts (24 percent). 20. Although the number of U.S. residents who speak a language other than English has grown in recent decades, the share of those who are Limited English Proficient (LEP) has fallen: 40 percent in 2015, compared to 44 percent in 1980—even as immigration rose rapidly. The reason why English, … The percentage of people in the United States speaking a language other than English at home in 2018 varies from state to state. Spanish is far and away the most common language spoken in Mexico. Percentage of people living in households in which a given language is spoken at home. About 3 percent of the world's population accounts for 96 percent of all languages spoken today. The U.S. doesn’t have an official language on the books, but the topic has sparked a fiery debate that goes back centuries. The non-indigenous languages spoken in Mexico include English (by English-speaking as well as by the residents of border states). The law, promulgated in 2003, requires the state to offer all of its services to its indigenous citizens in their mother tongues, but in practice this is not yet the case. Out of all languages in the world, 2,000 have fewer than 1,000 native speakers. The official language of Mexico is Spanish, which is spoken by 90 percent of the people. Nearly 210 million South Americans speak Spanish, with the largest number living in Colombia — about 47.2 million. There are over 100 minority languages spoken in Russia today, the most popular of which is Tatar (Tartar), spoken by more than 3% of the country's population. (July 11, 2019). "Mexico: Distribution of Languages in 2005. One World - Nations Online .:. Themes Default; Default compact; Cerulean; Cerulean compact; Cosmo; Cyborg The indigenous language that's spoken by the largest group of people by far is Náhuatl, with over two and a half million speakers. The Law of Linguistic Rights establishes Spanish as one of the country's national languages, along with 63 distinct indigenous languages (from seven large families, plus four counted as language isolates). [19] With Spanish being the dominant language, Mexico has become a site for endangered languages. View Plan » This graph shows the profile of languages in Mexico with respect to their status of language development versus language endangerment. However, a relatively small percentage of Mexico's population speaks an indigenous language compared to other countries in the Americas, such as Guatemala (42.8%), Peru (35%), and even Ecuador (9.4%), Panama (8.3%),[18] Paraguay and Bolivia. Most Common Mexican Languages (by number of speakers today) This chart lists … "Indigenous people’s disadvantaged socioeconomic status and the pressure of assimilation into mestizo or Ladino society have been influential on indigenous language loss. Univ. See also Mesoamerican Indian languages.. Update, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Advertising & Media Outlook This article ranks human languages by their number of native speakers.. https://www.commisceo-global.com/resources/country-guides/mexico-guide Mexican Sign Language is spoken by much of the deaf population, and there are one or two indigenous sign languages as well. Of that total, approximately 79 percent knew Spanish as well and thus were at least potential cultural converts to the mestizo world. By far and away the most spoken of Mexico’s indigenous languages are Náhuatl (1.4 million speakers), Yucatec Maya (750,000 speakers) and Mixteco (500,000 speakers). Other languages spoken in the United States, listed in order of prevalence, include Chinese (4.8 percent of the population), Tagalog (2.6%), Vietnamese (2.3%), French (2.1%), Korean (1.9%), German (1.8%), Arabic (1.6%), Russian (1.5%), African Languages (1.5%), Other Asian languages (1.4%), It… The following is a classification of the 65 indigenous languages grouped by family: Language families with members north of Mexico, Language families with all known members in Mexico, Language family with members south of Mexico. Definition: This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. 1: Language Policy and Political Issues in Education. Miskito. Gail Virtual Reference Library. 2018). Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Key figures and rankings about brands and companies, Consumer insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about regions and countries, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Technology Market Outlook Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Content Marketing & Information Design for your projects: * Indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages. Details on every language spoken in a country; 7,464 profiles covering every language in the world; And more! https://www.mexconnect.com/articles/3689-indigenous-languages-in-mexico Encyclopedia of Language and Education. . In total, the remaining indigenous languages of Peru—such as Aguaruna, Ashaninka, and Shipibo—are spoken by less than 1 percent of the Peruvian population. PHP Generator Feature Demo Toggle navigation. Originally there may have been more than 200 roots of native languages. Some of these languages (Venetian and Plautdietsch) are spoken in isolated communities or villages. For most of the 20th century successive governments denied native tongues the status of valid languages. This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. The second article of the 1917 Constitution defines the country as multicultural, recognizes the right of the indigenous peoples to "preserve and enrich their languages" and promotes "bilingual and intercultural education". 60–61. At the same time, legislators made no specific provisions for the official or legal status of the Spanish language. The official language of Mexico is Spanish, which is spoken by 90 percent of the people. For the Indigenous language sometimes called "Mexicano" or "The Mexican language", see. Vol. However, you will need to know some key words and phrases to understand the records. 50–86. (billed annually). LANGUAGES SPOKEN. Only includes population 5 and older. Univ. The majority of Maya speakers live in Yucatán, but significant numbers also live in Quintana Roo. The Most Common Languages of Mexico. See also Mesoamerican Indian languages.. Tojolaba. Hamel, Rainer Enrique and Communities in Mexico. Besides Spanish, the most populous are probably English, German (Plautdietsch), Arabic, Chinese and Japanese. Statista. ), Linguistic Minorities and Literacy: Language Policy Issues in Developing Countries, Mouton Publishers, Berlin, pp. The Huastecan branch, composed of the Huastec and Chicomuceltec (extinct) languages, was the first to split off from the Mayan family tree. Although demographic language data may be useful in considering how language assistance is provided in a particular contact or setting, federal and recipient agencies are required to provide meaningful access to all LEP individuals in delivering services. Spanish is the de facto national language spoken by the vast majority of Mexicans, though it is not defined as an official language in legislation. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Mexico. That's approximately 16 percent of the world's population. Some immigrant and indigenous populations are bilingual, while some indigenous people are monolingual in their languages. Bender Library. The Ley General de Derechos Lingüísticos de los Pueblos Indígenas was passed in March 2003, establishing a framework for the conservation, nurturing and development of indigenous languages. Gail All told, there existed a kind of "linguistic coexistence" from the beginning of the colonial period. Please log in to access our additional functions, *Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license, The ideal entry-level account for individual users. Hamel, Rainer Enrique. [1] While it should come as no surprise that English is the most spoken language in the United States, you may be surprised to learn it’s not the country’s official language. Please create an employee account to be able to mark statistics as favorites. Close behind is Argentina, with 43.5 million speakers, followed by Venezuela (31.1 million), Peru (27.4 million), Chile (18.1 million), Ecuador (15.9 million), Bolivia (9.4 million), Paraguay (4.6 million), Uruguay (3.4 million), Brazil (4… The former is predominantly spoken in Puebla, Veracruz and Hidalgo, whereas Yucatec Maya is (obviously) prevalent in the Yucatán peninsula. Languages of Mexico . 2nd ed. The Mexican government recognizes 68 indigenous languages that are still spoken today though considering the variants of those languages, which in some cases may be considered distinct languages themselves, we could count hundreds. Due to the long history of marginalization of indigenous groups, most indigenous languages are endangered, with some languages expected to become extinct within years or decades, and others simply having populations that grow slower than the national average. In 1990, 7.5 percent of the Mexican population, or approximately 5.3 million people five years of age and over, spoke an Indian language. [2] Beginning in the 18th century, decrees ordering the Hispanization of indigenous populations became more numerous and Spanish colonizers no longer learned the indigenous languages. ", CIA, Mexico: Distribution of languages in 2005 Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/275440/languages-in-mexico/ (last visited January 25, 2021), Mexico: Distribution of languages in 2005, Median age of the population in Mexico 2015, Mexico's share of global gross domestic product (GDP) 2025, Distribution of gross domestic product (GDP) across economic sectors in Mexico 2019, Distribution of the workforce across economic sectors in Mexico 2020, National debt of Mexico in relation to gross domestic product (GDP) 2025, Ratio of military expenditure to gross domestic product (GDP) in Mexico 2019, Budget balance in Mexico in relation to gross domestic product (GDP) 2025, Ratio of government expenditure to gross domestic product (GDP) in Mexico 2025, COVID-19 cases worldwide as of January 25, 2021, by country, New cases of COVID-19 worldwide from January 23, 2020 to January 24, 2021, by day, Cumulative cases of COVID-19 worldwide from Jan. 22, 2020 to Jan. 24, 2021, by day, COVID-19 deaths worldwide as of January 25, 2021, by country, Coronavirus (COVID-19) cases, recoveries, and deaths worldwide as of Jan. 25, 2021, Number of native Spanish speakers worldwide 2019, by country, Mexico: apparent steel use per capita 2003-2018, Value of U.S. land transportation exports to Mexico 2000-2019, Total cropland area projection for Mexico, Total value of U.S. trade in goods with Mexico 2020, Weight of U.S. turkey exports to Mexico 2011, U.S. opinions on vacationing in Mexico 2012, Consumer spending in Mexico 2013 to 2018, per capita, Mexico: fertilizer use for major crops 2018, by type, Mexico: most popular online video categories 2016, Overnight travel by U.S. residents to Mexico 1990-1999, Value of U.S. land exports to Mexico 1994-2019, Internet usage of Hispanics in the United States, Find your information in our database containing over 20,000 reports, Tools and Tutorials explained in our Media Centre, second-most spoken native language worldwide, the largest number of native Spanish speakers worldwide. Languages of the World and where they are spoken, a list of Language Names in English and French with ISO 639-2 Alpha-3 as well as some of the Alpha-2 language identification codes. In 2005, 43,169 persons spoke the Tojolabal language, representing 0.72% of all indigenous speakers. Margarita Hidalgo (ed.) Indian languages of the Aztecs, Mayans, and other tribes are still spoken throughout the country. G. G. Patthey-Chavez (1994). About. For instance, the Mixtec are a single ethnicity and therefore count as a single language for governmental/legal purposes, but there are a dozen distinct Mixtec dialect regions, each of which includes at least one variety that is not mutually intelligible with those of the other dialect regions (Josserand, 1983), and Ethnologue counts 52 varieties of Mixtec that require separate literature. You only have access to basic statistics. 1520–1585", "Is education destroying indigenous languages in Chiapas? 5 April 2009, National Institute of Indigenous Languages, Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples, Council of Writers in Indigenous Languages, Ley General de Derechos Lingüísticos de los Pueblos Indígenas, General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples, Tacuate (Mixtec de Santa María Zacatepec), List of Mexican states by indigenous-speaking population, "Lengua de los indios, lengua española: Religious Conversion and the Languages of New Spain, ca. Approximately 16 percent of the Aztecs, Mayans, and, in northern Baja California, American Sign language 91. As co-official national languages mestizo world northern Baja California, American Sign language the law of Linguistic Rights, recognizes!, 2,000 have fewer than 1,000 native speakers languages played parts in the world ; more! By a few million people Mexico with respect to their status of languages! 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