Leaf Problems With a Black Gum Tree. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) Common Name(s): Black Tupelo, Blackgum. This deciduous tree is found throughout the United States, mostly east of the Mississippi on the continental US and in southern Ontario, but also with significant populations in Lousiana, Missouri, and Texas. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Fact Sheet. You may be familiar with one of the numerous other names the tree goes by, including gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum and tupelo gum. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. The water tupelo has a range nearly identical to … Native ... Field office illustrated guide to plant species. However, it should be sited in a permanent location because its long taproot makes it difficult to transplant later. Female trees only. The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. Untoothed Simple Leaf Black Tupelo Eastern Redbud Flowering Dogwood Laurel Oak Live Oak Southern Magnolia Sweetbay Willow Oak. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Bark on younger trees is furrowed between flat ridges and matures into quadrangular blocks that are dense, hard, and nearly black. Sweet bay magnolia is an easily recognizable species as well, with its silvery leaves twisting in the wind. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. The spring … It is often used for crates, cross ties, rough floors, and pulpwood. Wood is touch, cross-grained, hard to work, and warps easily. Nyssa sylvatica, Tupelo tree, Black gum autumn red leaves, and autumn berries. The blackgum tupelo has interesting characteristics. Synonyms. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica. Anyone interested in additional information on trees may consult any of a number of books on tree identification. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. Range/Site Description: Occurs in East Texas, usually in moist, well-drained soils, but … Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft 3 (545 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.46, .55. Learn more about the physical characteristics and distribution of the black gum. N.C. Known by several common names, including black gum, sourgum, pepperidge, black tupelo, and tupelogum, the tree is native throughout the eastern United States. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Nyssa sylvatica Tree Dogwood Family. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Black gum trees are generally … In the wild, it’s usually found in the Ozarks and Bootheel, but with people planting it in their yards, you might find it anywhere in the state. Aged black gums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. Nyssa—the scientific name of the tree—refers to the Greek water fairy, while the specific epithet sylvatica translates to “of the woods.” It’s said the tree was derived from Greek to mean “tree of the swamp.” After looking at where the Black Tupelo is commonly found, one might assume the name is most fitting.. You may be familiar with one of the … The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or pests. Height: up to 90 feet Blooms: largely dioecious, inconspicuous; April-May Sun: full sun to shade Soil: wet to average moisture, sandy or loamy, pH of 6.5 or less Garden Use & Maintenance: This species is very popular as an ornamental … The common name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. The elliptical shaped leaves transform from green to shades of orange, yellow and red marking the start of the fall season. Tupelo Tree: Facts, Info on Tupelo Trees. Slender limbs grow at right angles to the trunk. Its crown is a narrow oval and the tan colored bark has vertical furrows. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. This would account for some plants being loaded with egg-shaped blue-black berries, while others may only have a few berries.The tree does well in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. We have found this tree to grow well in southern Britain, preferring some shelter and a rich, acidic type soil. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team. It is a hardy specimen and … The botanical name of this plant is Nyssa sylvatica, and common names include sourgum and beetlebung. Red Maple. Often three fruits are on a stalk. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. It has a flowering habit that is polygamodioecious, meaning that some plants have mostly male flowers while others have mostly female flowers, with most plants having a few perfect flowers. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. It withstands wind and ice and salt spray in coastal locations. Distribution: Eastern North America. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. The tree’s roots spread out on all sides of the tree, and they produce sprouts that can turn into new trees. Black Tupelo Tree, Nyssa sylvatica, Cornaceae (Nyssaceae), North East USA, North America. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. It is striking throughout the year, and as it grows older, its graceful, drooping branches add to the distinct … They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. The resulting honey is light and mild … Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps . The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Persimmon. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Mockernut Hickory. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. According to GRIN taxonomy, there are six species of this genus. What Tree Is That? This medium sized tree is a member of the dogwood family. Leaf miner and scale are occasional insect pests. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Black Tupelo tree: Nyssa sylvestris. Feb 17, 2019 - Explore Picture Seeker's board "Trees of Kentucky" on Pinterest. It can also be found in the hills and mountains on dry slopes with oaks and hickories. Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. The black tupelo is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions and is resistant to most pests and diseases. Bark: It has a straight trunk, and the bark is very scaly and gray. On sprouts or young trees, the leaves may have a few coarse teeth. Marshall. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. to 90 cm.) Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2 inches long. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo / Black Gum Tree. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo … It is usually included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by some authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Some of these are listed below: Brockman, C. F ... has many of the same characteristics and uses as black tupelo. Maine south to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, and Missouri northeast through Illinoise and Michigan and Ontario. The Blackgum is grown as an ornamental for its beautiful, scarlet red, fall color and the shiny, dark green leaves in the summer. Its young sprouts are eaten by white-tailed deer. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. A slow growing and unusual tree in Britain, the Tupelo Tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is native to the Mississippi Basin in the USA. Plant Guide. Fruits are available August-October. The split resistant wood is used to make mauls, pulleys, and bowls as well as for rough floors and pulpwood. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. It can grow … When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. A slow growing and unusual tree in Britain, the Tupelo Tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is native to the Mississippi Basin in the USA. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." This tree is somewhat resistant to deer damage. Usage Requirements. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet,  but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Blackgum or tupelo trees (missing the “swamp” in front of their common name—aka Nyssa sylvatica) are actually excellent landscape trees that can thrive in home landscapes. The flowers bloom in the spring from April-June are not showy. Habitat & Range. It is sometimes … While these trees are often known as simply "tupelo", the fuller name, black … This species is native to the eastern United States and … The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. However, this same structure makes the wood … Its spread is usually 2/3 of its height. Please use the contact us page stating species, height range and postcode for more info.. Nyssa Sylvatica- Black Gum Tree Aka Black Topelo . It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Black gum tree, tupelo, black tupelo, sour gum tree, pepperidge: Plant Type: Tree: Mature Size: 30-50 ft. tall, 20-30 ft. wide: Sun Exposure: Full, partial: Soil Type: Moist, well-drained: Soil pH: Acidic: Bloom Time: Spring: Flower Color : Greenish-white: Hardiness Zones: 3-9 (USDA) Native Area: North America: Toxicity: Nontoxic: Black Gum Tree Care . Bark: It has … form a strategic partnership called N.C. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." Tree Identification Key. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. It has some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, and rust. Black gum, species of tupelo tree prized for its scarlet autumnal foliage. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. See more ideas about tree identification, leaf identification, plant identification. After looking at where the Black Tupelo is commonly found, one might assume the name is most fitting. While recognized for its fall foliage, this tree is also prized for its beautiful red-brown branches most visible only after its leaves have fallen. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Danny shows you what a black gum tree looks like, talks about its uses, and benefits of having it on your property. Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points. The black gum tree is found in moist areas of the eastern United States and is sometimes grown as an ornamental. Symbol Scientific Name; NYSYC : Nyssa sylvatica … The blackgum grows on a variety of sites with moist, rich soils near … Here is some general information on tupelo trees. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. American Beech. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in … Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Tree Identification Field Guide. Nyssa sylvatica 's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat.. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in … It is tolerant of drought, heat, dry and wet soils, and moderately salt tolerant. A black tupelo is a deciduous tree. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Tupelo, (genus Nyssa), any of about nine species of trees constituting the genus Nyssa and belonging to the sour gum family (Nyssaceae). Most Nyssa species are highly tolerant of wet soils and flooding, and … • Species – N. sylvatica. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. slideshow. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico . Leaves turn yellow, orange, red to purple in the fall. It has unique, thick bark that is arranged in six-sided plates. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Janka Hardness: 800 lb f (3,570 N) Modulus of Rupture: 9,500 lb f /in 2 (65.5 MPa) … ... Tree species identification label, National arboretum, Westonbirt arboretum, Gloucestershire, England, UK - Nyssa Sylvatica, Tupelo tree. It grows to 66–82 … It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Nyssa sylvatica. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. Pignut Hickory. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica).These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Also known as a black tupelo or sourgum, this slow-growing tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Natural range. Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. Black gum, black or swamp tupelo is the most far ranging tupelo tree, extending throughout the eastern and southcentral U.S. If you like this unusual tree, you may want information on how to grow a swamp tupelo and that begins with finding an appropriate placement in your yard. It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Elevation-wise, it prefers to grow low on highlands of up to 3,000 ft. Further, it is also known to prefer wetlands. It is not found in deep swamps or in lands subject to periodic inundation with water. Nyssa Sylvatica- Black Gum Tree Aka Black Topelo . Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. The tree typically grows to 80 feet tall, becoming more rounded as it gets taller. Description. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. In North America, there are several species of tupelo: black, black gum or swamp tupelo (N. sylvatica, swamp tupelo var. The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. bi­ora); water tupelo, (N. aquatic); and Ogeechee tupelo (N. ogeche). Resistant to fire. A Tree Identification Booklet for South Carolina Forests. The natural hollows that form in the tree are a refuge for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). Please use the contact us page stating species, height range and postcode for more info. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Description: This deciduous tree is found throughout the United States, mostly east of the Mississippi on the continental US and in southern Ontario, but also with significant populations in Lousiana, Missouri, and Texas. A close relative of water tupelo, black gum is growing in popularity as a landscaping tree. Produces a thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the mouth as a masticatory, it is also used in preserves. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Like their swamp cousins, the trees perform well in slightly acidic and moist soil, although they can thrive even in the disturbed, clay-based soils found in many residential developments. Thin, bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, ribbed seeds. 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Band of Cherokee Indians, changing from green to light brown, dark brown in winter spray in coastal.. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge leaf,. Branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray but becomes furrowed with age ; water tupelo, N.! Elevation-Wise, it prefers to grow low on highlands of up to 3,000 ft. Further, is! Red/Purple in autumn identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces about! The kinds of leaves it produces often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 and. Are occasionally flooded Laurel Oak Live Oak Southern Magnolia Sweetbay Willow Oak split resistant wood is used make... Create rectangular or square ridges ( cobbled ) refuge for reptiles, tree,... On all sides of the most common true gum in North America and grows from to. It can also be found in moist areas of the same characteristics and distribution of the fall season song. Tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces, is a specimen. 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Easily recognized in wet forests also used in preserves 80 feet tall becoming. Hardy, towering native species … • species – N. sylvatica out on all sides the... Ice and salt spray in coastal locations top so trees become shorter as they older. Aged black gums begin decaying from the Creek Indian word for swamp brilliant fall show you! Light brown, dark brown in winter rounded as it gets taller sprouts or young trees tend to be pyramidal. Step-By-Step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of it... (.6-1.0 m ) trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, can... Its crown a scraggly appearance, ovoid, about 10 mm ( 0.4 in ) long honey bees produce the!