On the other hand, merely decades before, Castile had suffered a civil war of succession. She undoubtedly experienced grief when her husband died, but don’t most spouses? I would not put up with an adulterous husband she was suppose to ignore his tendencies I think this is a classic case of male rules and a plot in those days the royals Today we would probably be more sensitive, but those around Joanna seem to have reacted in order to be practical and get on with what protocol dictated, rather than with any compassion towards a grieving widow. August 17, 2019 at 12:15 am, Pingback: From most of what I have read about Queen Joanna, it seems to me she may have suffered from bipolar disorder. 5. Thank you for supporting our website! Her son later sought control and power by not only locking her up in exile, but also by ordering caretakers to not speak to Joanna. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. Joanna (Joanna the Mad), Spanish queen of Castile and León (1504-55), daughter of Ferdinand II and Isabella I. Environment stress is a trigger, particularly in any emotional areas dwelled upon during post partum depression periods. It is recorded that Joanna took care of her husband religiously during his final days. Unlike Juana, her mother, Isabella, showed iron fortitude in wresting power when her older brother, Enrique, King of Castle, died. In the culture and history of Spain a woman ruler was never popular the only reason Isabel of Castile survived the men removing her from power is because they didnt like her half brother King Enrique (Henry) because he favored the various faith and did not stand for the Catholic faith of the time versus Isabel who stood by the Church and wanted to fight to gain Granada. Joanna's father, Ferdinand II, lost his monarchical status in Castile although his wife's will permitted him to govern in Joanna's absence or, if Joanna was unwilling to rule herself, until Joanna's heir reached the age of 20. That she might have been mentally abused by her husband and father is likely, and Ferdinand’s shenanigans in the political sphere do not portray him in a favourable light. She makes some convincing arguments for verbal and mental abuse by Juana’s husband, father and to some extent her son. Her symptoms are quite textbook and consistent with periods of lucidity. The several references to St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist – both Joanna I’s namesakes – have lead scholars to assume that the manuscript was made for a woman, member of the Spanish royal family, namely the figure of Joanna I, Queen of Castile and Aragona (1479-1555), also known as Joanna the Mad, wife of Philip the Handsome. But I think Isabella and Ferdinand prioritized political alliances over their daughter’s delicate mental constitution when they arranged her marriage to Philip, Archduke of Austria, and shipped her off to Flanders. As you well mention, Isabella’s mother struggled with mental issues. She was more than likely a strong willed woman who a) wasn’t going to take her husband’s philandering lightly, b) dealt with grief in a way that was twisted to suit other’s purposes. 7. Can you cite an actual source? Why should this be seen as evidence of madness? It was reported that Juana could speak the three main languages of the Iberian Peninsula, along with Latin and French. Perhaps one of Juana’s most notorious, lurid displays of mental instability occurred when her husband died in September of 1506. Juana's maternal grandmother, Isabella of Portugal, supposedly also suffered from mental illness and was sent to a convent. Our website, podcast and Youtube page offers news and resources about the Middle Ages. Ouch! Juana of Castile, known as Juana la Loca or Joanna the Mad, was the elder sister of Catherine of Aragon and sister-in-law to Henry VIII of England. After the death of her mother in 1504, Joanna became Queen of Castile (and later Aragon in 1516) in a reign that lasted half a century. Joanne may also have heard the rumours spread by Philip, whom she loved and become depressed. Pingback: Both Philip and Joanna issued edicts under Joanna's name, and the pair were inches away from declaring war. Her father, husband, and son all wanted to rule Castile for her. Joanne may have had a condition from childhood, aggravated by the abuse of her husband and distress in the grief she felt at his death. Just some trivial corrections on your last sentence. Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known historically as Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was Queen of Castile from 1504 and Queen of Aragon from 1516 to 1555. Juana's mother, the formidable Catholic monarch, Isabella I of Castile, passed away in 1504. In my sisters case, drug use is a probable trigger as well as potential parasitic infection from her keeping too many cats. Aram also explains why Juana held on to Philip’s body for so long. Genetic mutation, due to intermarriage of multiple generations of ancestors is a large factor. This is just the history of a masculine society not willing to accept women. People back then were playing fast and loose with physical identifiers if this Phillip is considered good looking then Juana definitely isn’t crazy. I think she suffered from depression. Money and fame always been the cause of problems in this world, This lady have to go true so much unnecessary,All this Royal fakers have to go to so much yust to control ,yes control ,control .what a world we live in. But it is proved that she was always faithful to her father, as she was to her son when the comuneros went to offer her freedom in exchange for her to go against Charles, and she was known as the queen of Spain until her death. SM, Absolutely during that time women were submissive to men. 10 Things to do in Vienna in the Winter: The Ultimate Vienna Christmas Guide As was seen at other times during her lifetime, Juana was not eating or sleeping when her mother fell ill. After visiting with her mother, Juana wished to join her husband in Flanders, which would mean she would have to travel through France at a time when France and Castile were at war. If she had become dependent on him, then his loss would make her feel vulnerable, unable to function, static, catatonic even….not mad, but in need of guidance and support. She went on to have six children with her husband, including Charles, who later became the Holy Roman Emperor. Coming unstuck later with to much intermarriage to keep money and power ending in 1700 and my proud Martinez De leyva family exile to Trier–Greta. I've read a bit about her, and I'm not getting a "mad" vibe, she was no Nero. I agree with Conor. Should Isabella and Ferdinand have known better? 2, Iss. Joanna married Philip the Handsome on October 20, 1496. “The Tragic Story of Joanna the Mad.” Journal of Humanist Psychiatry, Vol. It is thought that Juana may have suffered from a wide range of mental illness, including schizophrenia and depression. From rumors of her “undead” passion for her late beau to her iconic beef against nuns, the legend of this wickedly jealous ruler just won’t die. During her adolescence, Joanna was a good-looking and avid student who mastered the major Iberian peninsula (Castilian, Catalan and Galaico-Portuguese) romance languages, as well as French and Latin. We hope that are our audience wants to support us so that we can further develop our podcast, hire more writers, build more content, and remove the advertising on our platforms. Already known to fly into jealous rages over her husband's mistresses, even reportedly going so far as to attack at least one, Juana refused to part with her deceased husband's remains for a disturbingly long time. Hi Rozsa. I agree. The romantic writers of the 19th century were the ones who turned her into a romantic heronine: ‘crazy for love’ / / Absolutely. Schizophrenia is a different illness, but look up “delusional disorder”, “paranoid disorder” or “psychotic events” in relation to severe bipolar disorder. I understand Juana suffered from a BPD that ocasionally branched into delusion. Witnesses state that, during her confinement at Tordesillas post Carlos’s (questionable) accession to the throne, Juana was often in deep depression, lacking nourishment and hygiene, or became very agitated. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Joanna of Castile, aka Juana la loca, was Queen of Castile (in central Spain) from 1504 and Aragon (ditto) from 1516. / Joanne wasn’t mad, but she does seem to have had a psychotic break caused by the death of her husband. Many of your most criticized behaviors have logical explanations. However, I think we’re being unfair to her son Carlos if we merely mention that he forbade all visitors, which I’m not sure is even accurate. Probably she had a temper but that is not a sign of madness She is currently working on a book on the heraldry of Tudor women and is also researching Anne of Cleves. I also think it’s possible that Juana didn’t have any mental illnesses, but just had a strong personality and was mistreated by those close to her, mainly her parents and husband, which made her act out. She was the couple’s third child, her sister Isabella and brother Juan (John) had been born in 1470 and 1478. Being unwilling to be parted from a deceased loved-one is fits with any of the first four stages of grief before the last (acceptance) and could also reflect natural urge to experience control by an individual who is regularly deprived of it. (who can blame her? To prevent her reckless plans, her travelling companion Bishop Fonseca took the horses back to the stable. I don’t believe she was mentally ill. Not the way they’d like to paint her. Ingrid, do you refer to to the Martinez de Leyva family of La Rioja, Cantabria, (i.e. She was married to Phillip the “handsome”, has anyone google searched this guy? With the comuneros uprising of 1520 this risk almost became a reality, as the rebels met Juana to ask her to challenge Carlos’s rule but she refused. But Archbishop Cisneros assumed the regency temporarily after Philip, supported by a council of notables that were motivated by Juana’s evident incapacity, or at least by the strange behaviour and disinterest in state matters that she showed at the time. I believe Joanna experienced post partum depression induced psychosis. Just like Queeb Mary of Scotland and Queen Elizabeth of England men tried to rule either through them or despised them. I personally believe the men during this time wanted control and to do that they had to get “rid of” Juana. If it was, then she was definitely mentally ill. Both Philip the Handsome and Charles V had a lot to gain from Juana being declared unfit to rule. I agree. Besides the kingdoms of Spain April 6, 2018 at 11:12 am, Pingback: Yet to what extent was this “mad” queen a victim of greed and betrayal? Justbavthought. Luckily, most bipolar people that we meet today are either treated or leading a healthier and more lovingly life than Juana’s, which protects them from those extremes. He not only lost land but prestige on the international playing field. Aggravated by the near-unbearable stress she was subjected to in later years the fact is that Juana of Castile has been accused of mental instability because it excused the grave injustices perpetuated on her by those who sought to steal her throne. I strongly agree with your statement with the exception of Catherine of Aragon. Charles forbade Juana any visitors. / Joanna the Mad (as this Spanish queen was known) was rumored to caress the corpse of her husband Philip. At the time of her birth, her parents were still in the middle of their famed reconquest of Spain. Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known as Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was queen of Castile from 1504 and of Aragon from 1516. It’s tempting to speculate on what kind of queen she would have been if she hadn’t been deposed. She succeeded to Castile and León at the death of her mother. Joanna I of Castile, who bore the epithet “the mad”, was the regent of Aragon from 1504 to 1555.To this day, researchers debate whether Joanna’s madness was merely a matter of intrigue in power-politics by members of her ruling house. Now days her supposed behavior would be Acceptable When she was prevented from leaving for Flanders, twenty-four-year-old Juana flew into a rage. I have interest in the family line as 3 of my paternal great grandparents were Spanish line Martinez (3-5 cousins) and have ancestry to Juan Martinez de Leyva III 1342-1384. She was known as “Joanna, the Mad” and not without good reasons. Become a member to get ad-free access to our website and our articles. There, she had three children. If you’re subjected to enough pain that pain manifests as rage in the victim. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two kingdoms. Joanna or Joan, nicknamed Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was the first queen regnant to reign over both the Crown of Castile (1504–55) and the Crown of Aragon (1516–55), a union which evolved into modern Spain.  Joanna married Philip the Handsome, who was crowned King of Castile in 1506, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain. Isabella clarified that if Juana could not or did not want to reign, it would be her father who would reign for her. It was brutal. This council called Fernando to act as king regent from there on. Are you seriously stating the events on a TV show as actual historical fact? I should know, I’ve had horrible events that would’ve seemed more fit for a movie horror screen then real life and I’d be lying if I said that I was in perfect mental health, far from it. After Philip's death (1506), Ferdinand again assumed the rule, for Joanna had by this time become quite insane. Learn how your comment data is processed. Date: c. 1500. I do believe her daughter Mary tutor was definitely mentally ill. After her mother’s death, Joanna became the Queen regnant of Spain, a battle for the Castilian throne began and Joanna‟s father Ferdinand made an attempt to mint coins under his name and Joanna‟s. I would venture that Juana suffered from mental illness inherited from her maternal grandmother. I think that there could be some truth to her being mad. Unfortunately, Juana's husband Philip had spread rumours about her madness when he was still alive and her behaviour after his death may have reinforced these rumours. By that time, it was already clear that Joanna’s mental state was not ideal, to say the least. Her husband Philip, in an attempt to become the King of Castile, also minted coins under his name and Joanna’s. 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