General Yoshijiro Umezu then signed for the Japanese armed forces, and his aides wept as he made his signature. The cloth of the historic flag was so fragile that the conservator at the U.S. Jamie, I've wondered the same thing. "This was the spot we had anchored in there in Tokyo Bay, Off Yokosuka. FILE - In this Sept. 2, 1945, file photo, Japanese surrender signatories arrive on board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay to participate in surrender ceremonies. My dad was on the USS Major (DE 796) at the time of Japan’s surrender. That special flag on the veranda deck of the Missouri had been flown from Commodore Matthew Perry's flagship in 1853–54 when he led the U.S. Navy's Far East Squadron into Tokyo Bay to force the opening of Japan's ports to foreign trade. Others commemorate Sept. 2, when Japan formally signed its surrender… the Instrument of Surrender signed by the Japanese plenipotentiaries by command and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters at Toyko on 2 September, 1945; General Order No. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online. Accepted the japanese Singapore Garrison Surrender from General Itaakj Army and Admaral Fukudome on board th.M.S. For the Allied Powers, representatives from the US, UK, China, Soviet Union, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, France, and Netherlands signed the instrument of surrender.Following the surrender, the V-J Day (Victory Over Japan Day) celebrations were widespread … He is now 95, and living at Patriot's Landing, near Joint Base Lewis McCord, in DuPont, WA. They replied they were waiting for the tender to take them on board the Missouri. USS MISSOURI SEPTEMBER 2, 1945 Tokyo Bay CERTIFYING THE PRESENCE OF: LIEUT. H is 97 years old now and lives in Muscatine, Iowa. Basilio Valdes for the Philippines are now displayed at The International Museum of World War II in Natick, Massachusetts.[21]. The instrument was first signed by the Japanese foreign minister Mamoru Shigemitsu "By Command and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government" (9:04 am). Thank you for sharing. General Yoshijiro Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff, signs the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945. Still has his memories! Sussex. He saw MacArthur 30’ away and was much impressed! Robert E. McGranaghan is his name. His name was Richard Kindness. A commonly heard story is that one of the flags had flown over the White House on the day Pearl Harbor was attacked. USFDA denies political pressure to approve Pfizer COVID vaccine quickly The instructions of operation should be preserved for demonstrations !!!! US Colonel Sidney Mashbir and Japanese Foreign Minister Katsuo Okazaki look on. Gen. MacArthur's staff headed by Col. LeGrande A. Diller were tasked to prepare the draft of the Instrument of Surrender. 1, promulgated at the same place and on the same date; the Local Agreement made by the Supreme Commander, Japanese Expeditionary Forces, Southern … Naval Academy Museum directed that a protective backing be sewn on it, leaving its "wrong side" visible; and this was how Perry's 31-star flag was presented on this unique occasion.[17]. Supreme Commander MacArthur next signed, declaring, “It … I seem to remember my Uncle telling us that he was on The Missouri during the signing of the treaty. My dad, Robert R. Harrison, was on a ship that passed near the fantail of the USS MIssouri as the surrender documents were being signed. the right in the background?? Only those present as sailors received an attendance certificate card. If you have something to share that would enrich our knowledge about this object, use the form below. HMS Duke of York is just beyond, with HMS King George V further in. The ordinary sailors like the cooks did not get a card. We may update this record based on further research and review. It occurred at .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°21′17″N 139°45′36″E / 35.3547°N 139.76°E / 35.3547; 139.76) in Tokyo Bay. My father, who served in the Pacific, told me he was brought on board the U.S.S. The ceremony was staged at the fourth side of a hollow square wherein the Japanese entourage, dwarfed by their stalwart guard, waited in crestfallen silence. You must be proud. My father served in the RN who were Co opted to the American Fifth fleet as they island hopped from Australia to Japan. News reel of the surrender ceremony on board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945. He later was involved in security duties for Australian diplomats in Tokyo. Continued Pressure on Japan. He was to have been the 8th Cavalry's choice for MacArthur's honor guard but had to decline due to malaria. [20], Gen. MacArthur originally had 11 full-sized facsimiles made of the Instrument of Surrender, but later increased this for distribution among the allied nations present during the signing. Is there any way to verify who, specifically my father, was aboard the Missouri on that day? Nearest ship is USS Missouri. We still have the letter he wrote to my grandmother where he mentioned the sun came out at the time of surrender. Afterward, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Commander in the Southwest Pacific and Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, also signed. On this day, the Japanese surrender ceremony was held aboard the USS Missouri, a US Navy battleship. This was because American flags on the right of an object plane, ship, or person have the stars on the upper right corner, to look like the flag is heading into battle—as if attached to a pole and someone is carrying it. Thank you! Finding ANY records of all the sailors seems impossible and I can't find this anywhere. Watching from across the table are Lieutenant General Richard K. Sutherland and General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. My grandfather was present and received a card. After review, selected comments will appear on this page along with the name you provide. The time was recorded as 4 minutes past 9 o'clock. Were tall men specially selected? [signed] S.S. Murray Captain, U.S. Navy Commanding Officer [signed] Douglas MacArthur General of the Army Supreme Commander Allied Powers [signed] C.W. The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was the written agreement that formalized the surrender of the Empire of Japan, marking the end of hostilities in World War II. Stars in the upper left of a flag displayed on the right side of the object would make the flag look like it was going away from battle. Before submitting a question, please visit Frequently Asked Questions. It is a moment he will never forget. The instrument of surrender was Japanese signed by Lt-General Teshima, commander of the Japanese Second Army, comprising about 126,000 Japanese. He was his ship’s representative on board Missouri that day. The signing took place on the deck of USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945. He was 21 or 22 years old at that time. The only special flag that was there was a flag which Commodore Perry had flown on his ship out in that same location 82 years before [sic: the actual number of years was 92]. Nevertheless, an enterprising staff member found rare parchment in a basement of a monastery, and this was given to MacArthur's printer.[1]. However, it is not certain that the table is the actual one used as the deck had been cleaned and items returned to storage before anyone thought to save it. The full occupation of Japan, however, is only just beginning. A replica of this historic flag can be seen today on the Surrender Deck of the Battleship Missouri Memorial in Pearl Harbor. At 9:04 AM, Foreign Minister Shigemitsu signed, followed two minutes later by General Umezu. Browse 9,559 japanese surrender stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. Lieutenant General Richard K. Sutherland, aboard USS Missouri, corrects a signatory error in the Japanese Instrument of Surrender. Wednesday is the anniversary of the formal Sept. 2, 1945, surrender of Japan to the United States, when documents were officially signed. MacArthur supported the government of Australia's demand to attend and sign separately from the UK, although Australia objected to his recommendation that Canada, the Netherlands, and France also sign the document.[15]. Yes, some of them are marines. Surprisingly, the latitude and longitude i s not mentioned. The same spot we’d originally anchored, where Perry had been in 1853". Some of the articles in the history say this was the same flag that was flown on the White House or the National Capitol on 7 December 1941, the attack on Pearl Harbor, and at Casablanca, and so forth, also MacArthur took it up to Tokyo and flew it over his headquarters there. On September 2, 1945, the Japanese representatives signed the official Instrument of Surrender, prepared by the War Department and approved by President Truman. The ceremony aboard the deck of the Missouri lasted 23 minutes and was broadcast throughout the world. Photo, Print, Drawing Signing of the Japanese surrender document aboard the U.S.S. The date is sometimes known as Victory over Japan Day, although that designation more frequently refers to the date of Emperor Hirohito's Gyokuon-hōsō (Imperial Rescript of Surrender), the radio broadcast announcement of the acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration at noon Japan Standard Time on August 15. I recall my wifes grandfather with card and surrender photo hanging who served on the Missouri in the USN. My father, 21 at the time, scrambled down and asked if they needed anything. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia These ships of the Allied navies of World War II were present in Tokyo Bay on Victory over Japan Day (2 September 1945) when the Japanese Instrument of Surrender was signed on board the battleship USS Missouri (BB-63). If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. I've found one photo of him on the ship. Between 12th and 14th Streets Yoshijirō Umezu - Wikipedia As for the diplomat, MAMORU SHIGMITSU, also he was arrested, sent to trial, and sentenced as well. He did it at the surrender in Manila: ordered tallest soldiers to be there to guard Japanese General when he arrived for surrender ceremony. Please note that we generally cannot answer questions about the history, rarity, or value of your personal artifacts. Height and MacArthur: possibly. Ships of U.S. Third Fleet and British Pacific Fleet in Sagami Wan, 28 August 1945, preparing for the formal Japanese surrender. [2] The original flag is still on display at the Naval Academy Museum, as is the table and tablecloth upon which the instrument of surrender was signed, and the original bronze plaque marking the location of the signing (which was replaced by two replicas in 1990). After MacArthur’s speech, Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu, representing the Emperor of Japan, signed the Instrument of Surrender. We turned them both into the Naval Academy Museum when we got back to the East Coast in October. The officer standing between Admiral John McCain and Admiral William Halsey is Marine Colonel Gerald Friedman, a staff officer of Admiral Halsey's. It set out in eight short paragraphs the complete capitulation of Japan. He was followed by the Chief of the Army General Staff, General Yoshijirō Umezu, who signed for the Japanese Army. Last of 3 living Nicholas survivors. On September 6, Colonel Bernard Theilen took the document and an imperial rescript to Washington, D.C., and presented them to President Harry S. Truman in a formal White House ceremony the following day. As witnesses, American general Jonathan Wainwright, who had surrendered the Philippines, and British lieutenant-general Arthur Percival, who had surrendered Singapore, received two of the six pens used by General MacArthur to sign the instrument. The reason for the card was to prove who was actually present. Congrats. USS Colorado is in far center distance. I recently came across a letter from my grandfather ( Charles brooks) who was on board for the surrender. But he had fought the Japanese in Palau, Peleliu island, 1st Marine division and was one of 35 men in that division who left the island walking. Aboard the Missouri, Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and Gen. Yoshijiro Umezu signed the Instrument of Surrender. Where can I find a list of the names of the officers and American personnel in the picture? The Japanese copy of the treaty varied from the Allied in the following ways: The Allied copy of the Instrument is at the United States National Archives Building in Washington, D.C..[19] A replica of the Japanese version can be viewed at the Edo-Tokyo Museum in Tokyo. Missouri and before representatives of nine Allied nations, the Japanese signed their surrender. See our privacy statement. After finishing his introductory statement General MacArthur directed the representatives of Japan to sign the two Instruments of Surrender, one each for the Allied and Japanese governments. My dad said the same thing! Below are transcriptions of various doc This was a challenge given resources were limited in war-torn Manila. My father was present but was not an officer. World War II came to an end on Aug. 14, 1945, when Imperial Japan signaled their decision to surrender to the allied forces in the war. others have asked but it goes unanswered. The Japanese signed the terms of surrender in the American battleship Missouri early yesterday and the war is now officially over. Nimitz Fleet Admiral, US Navy United States … As many "stories" were passed down they were there. It was just a plain ordinary GI-issue flag and a Union Jack. It mentioned a man with a prosthetic leg, 2 men who were pows in Japan and the Duke of York. Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu, seated, signs the Japanese surrender document on the Missouri in Tokyo Bay on Sept. 2, 1945. My great uncle, Robert Rinearson, was there and he was in HQ company of the 1st Marine Raider Battalion. Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited email. When actually only about 1100 were present. Yup, I was on board during signing and given a card with Japanese flag background with my name and somehow it disappeared over time and I think mostly it was stolen from me. The model of USS Missouri in the National Museum of the United States Navy at the Washington Navy Yard, has a scale replica of the signing table in the correct location. [2] General Yoshijirō Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff, then signed the document "By Command and on behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters" (9:06 am). Stated specifically they picked the tallest for intimidation. He was followed by General Yoshijiro Umezu, who signed for the Japanese armed forces. JAPAN'S SURRENDER. That morning, on the deck of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, the Japanese envoys Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and Gen. Yoshijiro Umezu signed their names on the Instrument of Surrender. Japanese Emperor Hirohito made the decision to surrender just five days after the U.S. dropped the second atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki on Aug. 9, 1945. What a wonderful dad he was and always a hero to me. Visit the IIIF page to learn more. It was the second or third ship from the USS Missouri. This replica is also placed in the same location on the bulkhead of the veranda deck where it had been initially mounted on the morning of September 2, 1945,[17] by Chief Carpenter Fred Miletich. Afterward, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Commander in the Southwest Pacific and Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, also signed. All ships in the flotilla had one crew member selected by ballot to attend. The Instrument of Surrender was signed by Mr Shigemitsu as “by command of, and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Government of Japan”, and General Umezu who signed as "by command of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters”. He recalls looking up and seeing MacArthur as well. He told me he was on board for the signing of the treaty. Japanese Surrender Documents of World War 2 (1945) Following the Atomic bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered to the forces of the United Nations, led by the United States. My dad Albert j Steckel seaman 1st class shot the 16 inch guns,and was on the Missouri on 9/2/45.My father was directly above Emperor Hirohito during the signing of the surrender document.After the war he worked in a steel mill and then served 23 years as a police officer.My father operated the 5A which served as a police vehicle and ambulance, since at that time paramedics were not in existence My father delivered 39 babies during his 23 years of police service as well as numerous citations for bravery beyond the call of duty.My father was truly an American hero. The only thing I can say is they were hard up for baloney, because it was nothing like that. I have been trying to look up the position where USS Missouri was anchored for the surrender of Japan. Photographs of the signing ceremony show that this flag is displayed backward—reverse side showing (stars in the upper right corner). If at all possible could you please tell me the name of the Ship on See our. Missouri for the formal surrender in Tokyo because MacArthur wanted the height of the Americans to contrast as starkly as possible with the height of the Japanese. "This moment is represented across the America: With this photo in Washington, DC, the Missouri itself at its final mooring place in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and the original commemorative medallion imbedded in the deck where the surrender signing took place is located in the Missouri state capitol in Jefferson City. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions. Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signing the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of the Japanese Government, formally ending World War II General of the Army Douglas MacArthur signing the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of the Allied Powers Although he wasn’t aboard Missouri for the signing, my late father , Alexander Creswick, was aboard the Royal Australian Navy’s HMAS Hobart when the signing took place. The surrender of Singapore: Pictures show the moment Britain surrendered island territory to Japan in 1942, leading to three years of hell for 80,000 prisoners of war Two of the copies which were given to Col. LeGrande A. Diller and MGen. We may use the provided email to contact you if we have additional questions. An officer messenger brought it out. Formal Surrender of Japan, 2 September 1945 -- Signing the Instruments of Surrender. I would also like a list of who were there. He will be 94 this November. "Missouri" in Tokyo Bay, Sept. 2, 1945. However, Captain Stuart Murray of USS Missouri explained: At eight o'clock we had hoisted a clean set of colors at the mainmast and a clean Union Jack [of the United States] at the bow as we were at anchor, and I would like to add that these were just regular ship's flags, GI issue, that we'd pulled out of the spares, nothing special about them, and they had never been used anywhere so far as we know, at least they were clean and we had probably gotten them in Guam in May. He is now 94 and will be flying to Hawaii for the ceremonies of the 75th anniversary of the signing of that treaty. Why is it so hard to find a list of names of all those aboard the USS Missouri at the day signing? At the ceremonies, General MacArthur stated that the Japanese and their conquerors did not meet "in a spirit of mistrust, malice or hatred but rather, it is for us, both victors and vanquished, to rise to that higher dignity which … If you require a personal response, please use our contact page. September 2, 1945, is a historic day. It was signed by representatives from the Empire of Japan, the United States of America, the Republic of China,[note 1] the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Provisional Government of the French Republic, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and the Dominion of New Zealand. My dad, Robert E. McGranaghan, from the USS Nicholas, was on the USS Missouri at the signing of the treaty with Japan. Background music is "With Honour Crowned". It was flown out in its glass case from the Naval Academy Museum. A replica of it, along with copies of the instrument of surrender, is in a case on Missouri by the plaque marking the signing spot. First loader was the most important position on the most important anti aircraft gun as they knocked out more Kamikazis than all other anti aircraft guns put together. From Adm Murray's account at the Surrender Ceremony: ROBERT L. BALFOUR USNR at the formal surrender of the Japanese Forces to the Allied Powers. If someone does not have the card, they most likely were not present for the signing. He accepted the … He would have been 98 this year. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and media viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. The opening words, "We, acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan," signified the importance attached to the Emperor's role by the Americans who … I have been searching for a list, I have a photo album from the driver of a General that was there, I have a document that he left in the back seat of the car after, and lots of photos of the big generals before the signing getting ready and standing around LOL, also have his order with the list of all the Generals under Macarthur and there drivers and cars, lots of cool pics of the cars too. After MacArthur's signature as Supreme Commander, the following representatives signed the instrument of surrender on behalf of each of the Allied Powers: The UK invited Dominion governments to send representatives to the ceremony as subordinates to its own. All of the pens used by MacArthur were black, except the last, which was plum-colored and went to his wife. The documents were then exhibited at the National Archives. The Japanese representatives present for the signing were the following: At 9:08 a.m., U.S. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, the Commander in the Southwest Pacific and Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, accepted the surrender on behalf of the Allied Powers and signed in his capacity as Supreme Commander.[5]. Washington, D.C. Email powered by MailChimp (Privacy Policy & Terms of Use), International Media Interoperability Framework. So there was nothing special about them. That morning, on the deck of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, the Japanese envoys Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and Gen. Yoshijiro Umezu signed their names on the Instrument of Surrender. I have seen it in some memorials but have been unable to find it on line. After being released from the Navy and using the GI Bill at the U of Washington, he went on to join the U.S. Army as a career, and retired as a Lt. Col. My dad was on the USS Nicholas when it was alongside the USS Missouri at the signing on 9/2/45. He never talked about his time in WWll until he turned 90. The night before the USS Missouri left for the signing of the peace treaty in Tokyo Harbor, he looked down from the tower onto the dock, and below him stood three five stars! All the American soldiers were very tall ... My father as US Navy officer serving in the Pacific was "invited" to be aboard the Missouri for the surrender September 2, 1945-- so the family story goes. General YOSHIJIRO UMEZU was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to life imprisonment. Plaque over the door to the Captain's Cabin on board the Missouri marking the signing, Plaque in the deck of the Missouri marking the location of the signing, Huge formation of American planes over USS Missouri and Tokyo Bay celebrating the signing, September 2, 1945, Photo taken from an airplane flying over USS Missouri, Coordinates: 35°21′17″N 139°45′36″E / 35.35472°N 139.76000°E / 35.35472; 139.76000, The Japanese and Allied copies of the Instrument of Surrender, Instrument of Japanese surrender, World War II, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Provisional Government of the French Republic, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Museum of the United States Navy, List of Allied ships at the Japanese surrender, Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956, "Video Transcript of Japan Signs Final Surrender - 1945", "The Australian Military Contribution to the Occupation of Japan, 1945–1952", "Reminiscences of the Surrender of Japan and the End of World War II", "Hawaii's Back Yard: Mighty Mo memorial re-creates a powerful history", "On Display: The Japanese Instrument of Surrender", "How a Canadian's mistake 70 years ago almost botched Japan's surrender document", "Rare WWII surrender documents on display in Natick", National Archives & Records Administration Featured Document, Alsos Digital Library bibliography of references on Japan's surrender, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_Instrument_of_Surrender&oldid=998347080, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 23:50. 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