The centralised port of exchange of Asian wealth had now gone, as was a Malay state to police the Straits of Malacca that made it safe for commercial traffic. From 1824 to 1942, Malacca was under the rule of the British, first by the British East India Company and then as a crown colony. MBMB area is currently at 277 sq kilometres as a result of land reclamation, with a new administration area of 30.86 sq kilometres. We can revive Tampin-Malacca rail service. [80] Malacca General Hospital, which is located along Mufti Haji Khalil Road, is the main and oldest hospital in the state with 359 beds. [47] The Chitty are also a mixture of Indian traders with local women of various ethnic backgrounds such as Malays, Javanese, Bataks and Chinese. It is headed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri who is appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia. "[28] The early kings of Malacca—Parameswara, Megat Iskandar Shah, and Sri Maharaja—understood that they could gain Ming China's protection through skilful diplomacy and thereby could establish a strong foundation to their kingdom against Siam and other potential enemies. To boost the art landscape in Malacca, nine artists came together to paint their works on the walls of historical shophouses along the river in Jalan Kampung Hulu. This is because Malacca is well connected to the PLUS highway via three major exits. Malacca's state parliament is called the State Legislative Assembly and the party in power forms the Executive Committee. Malacca has numerous historical places and buildings. Empire of Japan 1942–1945 In addition, foreign tourist arrivals also experienced a sharp increase of more than 520,000 or 19.03 percent. Travellers from five countries recorded the highest rates are China, Singapore, Indonesia, South Korea and Vietnam. [48] The Kristang exist as a result of marriage between the European Portuguese men with Malay women during the era of Portuguese Malacca. The Malacca Monorail operating hours are 10.00 am to 10.00 pm on weekdays and will be continued until 12.00 midnight on Saturdays and Sundays. [61], There were railway tracks from Pulau Sebang to Malacca City before World War II, but these were dismantled by the Japanese for the construction of the Burmese Death Railway. respectively. 242.8 ha (600 acres) Malacca City (Malay : Bandaraya Melaka or Kota Melaka), is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Malacca. [91], Malacca is also a popular place for health care and medical tourism for Indonesian people from Sumatra due to its close proximity to the state, followed by Singapore. [115], Penang started the street art trend in Malaysia and Malacca soon followed suit with their River Art Project in 2012. [74] They celebrate the Guru Nanak's birthday and Vasakhi new year annually. Theme parks, education centres, resorts and zoos in Malacca are A' Famosa Resort, Al-Khawarizmi Astronomy Complex, Malacca Bird Park, Malacca Butterfly and Reptile Sanctuary, Malacca Crocodile Farm, Malacca Planetarium, Malacca Wonderland, Malacca Zoo, Mini Malaysia and ASEAN Cultural Park, Pirate Park and Taming Sari Tower. The Portuguese imposed higher taxes on Chinese traders and restricted their ownership of land. They adopted the local culture and the Malay language as part of their lives while at the same time preserving some of their Chinese heritage and religious traditions. The Maritime Museum features a replica of a historical ship, the Flor de la Mar, and describes the trading history of Malacca, while the Taming Sari offers a scenic view of the city centre. It was once known for its antique shops but have since turned into a well-known tourist destination that features clothes, food and crafts. A local Malay, known as Malaccan Malay is a unique variety of Malay spoken within the state of Malacca. They generally reside in rural settlements, the edge of the woods and along the coast facing Malacca Strait. Manich Jumsai, C.B.E., M.A. [24], According to a popular legend, Parameswara was resting under a tree near a river during a hunt, when one of his dogs cornered a mouse deer. Map of Melaka State area hotels: Locate Melaka State hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. SIRI MISTERI: 'Panglima Awang' Melayu pertama keliling dunia. [61] The State Socioeconomic Report 2017 published on July 26, 2018 reported that Malacca was the state that recorded the lowest unemployment rate in 2017 with only 1.0 percent. [15] To prevent the Malaccan empire from falling to the Siamese and Majapahit, he forged a relationship with the Ming dynasty of China for protection. Malacca is famous for its unique history and is one of the major tourist destinations in Malaysia. Flight + Hotel; Things to Do; Flying from Flying to . Christ Church, an Anglican church built by the Dutch in the 18th century. The Dutch, who already felt threatened in the presence of the British, began conquering the Riau-Lingga Sultanate along with the rest of Sumatra, while Johor came under British influence following the signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824. Malacca went briefly under the rule of Empire of Japan in 1942–1945[38] during World War II. It was then also listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008. [73] Many of them reside in Little India. The city also elects five representatives to the state legislature from the state assembly districts of Kesidang, Kota Laksamana, Duyong, Bandar Hilir and Telok Mas. [35] Rather than achieving their ambition of dominating Asian trade, the Portuguese had disrupted the organisation of the network. These include Melaka International School,[88] Wesley Methodist School and Pay Fong High School. The other historical buildings and structures are Fortress of Malacca, Alor Gajah British Graveyard, Bastion Middleburg, Dutch Graveyard, Hang Jebat Mausoleum, Hang Kasturi Mausoleum, Hang Li Poh's Well, Hang Tuah Mausoleum, Hang Tuah's Well, Malacca Light, Malacca Warrior Monument, Portuguese Well, Proclamation of Independence Memorial, Ruins of Saint Paul's Church, Saint John's Fort, Stadthuys, Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba Memorial and Tun Teja Mausoleum. It had 3.2% GDP growth in 2013. [163], Efforts are also being undertaken to promote pedestrianisation and the use of bicycles as an environmentally friendly mode of transportation. [76], The indigenous people, mostly ethnic Temuan is relatively small. To enhance relations, Hang Li Po, according to local folklore, a daughter of the Ming Emperor of China, arrived in Malacca, accompanied by 500 attendants, to marry Sultan Manshur Shah who reigned from 1456 until 1477. [22] Thus, in April 1511 Afonso de Albuquerque, who was the Portuguese expedition leader together with his armada, arrived in Malacca to sever its Islamic and Venetian trade. It is the oldest Malaysian city on the Straits of Malacca, having become a successful entrepôt in the era of the Malacca Sultanate. [21] The Portuguese, under King Manuel I, sent a representative named Diogo Lopes de Sequeira to establish contact with the Sultanate. This separation became permanent when the British arrived to establish their presence in the Malay Peninsula. [100] There are three major retention basins in the state, which are Kesang Satu Lake, Kesang Dua Lake and Ayer Keroh Lake. [17] On 16 September 1963, Malaysia was formed with the merger of Malaya with Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore, and Malacca became part of it. [36], The city is located on both sides of the Malacca River near its mouth on the Straits of Malacca. [62][63], Each group upholds their tradition and it is reflected in their food, religion customs, festivals, culture, design, application, jewellery and handicrafts. Malacca is home to several football stadiums, such as Hang Jebat Stadium, Hang Tuah Stadium and Tun Fatimah Stadium. The Dutch expanded the size of the city fort and built a significant amount of additional infrastructure. The Kuomintang Cenotaph (Malacca Warrior Monument) in Bukit Cina is a memorial where thousands of Chinese people in Malacca were killed by the Japanese during their occupation. There is also Chitty Village for the minority Chitty people which houses the Chitty Museum. [39] On 15 April 1989, Malacca was declared a historical city. [78] There are also 52 private clinics[79] and three 1Malaysia clinics in Malacca City. [152][153], A 1.6-km line of Malacca Monorail was launched in October 2010, served the route along the Malacca River. The Malacca State Legislative Assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Melaka) is the unicameral legislature of the Malaysian state of Malacca.It is composed of 28 members who are elected from single-member constituencies throughout the state. There are two additional exits along the North–South Expressway, namely the Simpang Ampat and Jasin exits. [6] Amused by this, he chose to name the site Malaka after the tree under which he was sitting. Malacca travel guide from Wikivoyage, For the federal constituency represented in the Dewan Rakyat, see, City and state capital in Malacca, Malaysia, World War II, post-independence and present, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWade2005 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca, List of twin towns and sister cities in Malaysia,, "Malaysia Elevation Map (Elevation of Melaka)", "Eight new sites, from the Straits of Malacca, to Papua New Guinea and San Marino, added to UNESCO's World Heritage List", "Malaca Os irredutíveis filhos de Albuquerque", "Melaka, Johor and Aceh: A bird's eye view over a Portuguese-Malay Triangular Balance (1575–1619)", "Melaka – A Cosmopolitan City in Southeast Asia", "Invasion of Malaya and Singapore (8 December 1941 – 15 February 1942)", "List of Parliamentary Elections Parts and State Legislative Assemblies on Every States", "Touristic Impressions of Social Transformation in Melaka", "The Tourism Industry in the State of Melaka", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "CLIMAT summary for 48665: Malacca (Malaysia) – Section 2: Monthly Normals", "Klimatafel von Malacca (Melaka) / Malaysia", "Total population by ethnic group, Local Authority area and state, Malaysia", "The Development of Articles in Baba Malay", "The Malay Chetty Creole Language of Malacca: A Historical and Linguistic Perspective", "When the World Came to Southeast Asia – Malacca and the Global Economy", "Malacca Stands to Benefit from "Belt And Road" Initiative", "(Synopsis) Auditor's General Report on the activities of the Malacca State Government Departments and Agencies and the Management of State Government Companies", "Melaka wujud Pusat Perdagangan Hang Tuah", "We can revive Tampin-Malacca rail service", "KTMB perkenal perkhidmatan komuter baharu dari Seremban ke Gemas", "Malacca wants to revive monorail line to promote river", "Kos taman tema, naik taraf kawasan monorel Melaka RM109 juta", "Lebih 17,000 guna Monorel Melaka sejak beroperasi semula", "Alamat Mahkamah Tinggi Sesyen & Majistret", "Malacca E-Commerce (State Health Clinic)", "SENARAI SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI NEGERI MELAKA (List of Secondary Schools in Malacca) – See Malacca", "Melaka: five ways to see the world in one Malaysian city", "Bukit China: A hill steeped in legend and history", "Padang Pahlawan, that's the new name for freedom ground", "Consulate of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Malacca", "Valpairaso, land of steep hills, trains, sea and curves", "Anniversary of the twinning of the Cities of Melaka and Valparaiso", "Melaka is keen to get Valparaiso's help [Melaka Keen To Get Valparaiso's Help In Getting UN Recognition]", "Guangdong & Malacca sign sister relationship memo", "Penerbangan khas Nanjing-Melaka guna LTAM", "Jakarta's 'Kota Tua' and Melaka are now sister cities", "Melaka, Kembaran Kota Tua Jakarta di Malaysia", "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa", Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley, List of World Heritage Sites in Southeast Asia, Malaysian cities with a population of more than 200,000, Department of Statistics, Malaysia (2010),, Populated places established in the 1390s, Populated places established by the Dutch East India Company, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 04:00. [118] Museums in Malacca are Aborigines Museum, Agricultural Museum, Malacca Al-Quran Museum, Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum, Beauty Museum, Cheng Ho Cultural Museum, Chitty Museum, Customs Department Museum, Democratic Government Museum, Education Museum, Malacca Forestry Museum, Governor's Museum, History and Ethnography Museum, Malacca Islamic Museum, Malacca Kite Museum, Malacca Literature Museum, Malacca Sultanate Palace Museum, Malay and Islamic World Museum, Malaysia Architecture Museum, Maritime Museum, Navy Museum, People's Museum, Prison Museum, Pulau Besar Museum, Stamp Museum, Straits Chinese Jewellery Museum, Submarine Museum, Toy Museum, Tradition and Custom Museum, UMNO Museum, World's Bees Museum and Youth Museum. [55] In early 2016, the Malacca state government has start to develop a new economic development area in the central city centre which will be known as the Hang Tuah Trade Centre that will encompassing trade centres, higher education, hospitality and business. Melaka is a Malaysian state. [87] The Malacca High School is one of the premier schools in Malaysia and is the second oldest recorded school in the country after Penang Free School in Penang. The Portuguese launch their first attack on 25 July 1511, but this was met with failure. For administrative purposes, Malacca is divided into three districts under separate jurisdiction: Malacca is divided into 3 districts and 4 local authorities. The Melaka United football team won the first Malaysia Premier League title in 1983, in addition they were the champion of the third division of the Malaysia football league, FAM League Cup, in 2015 before won the second Premier League title a year after it. Adults (18+) Children (0-17) Advanced options. The Alor Gajah branch of the library was established in 1988 at UMNO Building, which then later moved to a new building in 1998. After he left Temasek, it was attacked by Majapahit. Impressed by the courage of the deer, and taking it as a propitious omen of the weak overcoming the powerful, Parameswara decided then and there to found an empire on that very spot. There are around 500 factories in the state which come from Germany, Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, United States etc. [113] The city also has been recognised by HuffPost as 15 of the Best Street Art Cities. On 7 July 2008, Malacca City was listed as one of the historical cities in Malaysia, together with George Town in the northern Malay Peninsula. Best Melaka State Resorts on Tripadvisor: Find traveller reviews, candid photos, and prices for 14 resorts in Melaka State, Malaysia. As of 2019 it has a population of 579,000. [6] Amused by this, he thought the place he rested must be an unusual place; following this event, in 1396 he announced the place would be called Malaka. According to legend, the site that is now Malacca City was named Malaka when Parameswara, a Sumatran prince arrived there. Several jetties around the state, such as in Merlimau, are used by fishermen. He engaged the Portuguese armada which had been sent from Goa to offer armed relief to the besieged port. [14] In 1403, the first official Chinese trade envoy led by Admiral Yin Qing arrived in Malacca. Built in 1954, Hang Tuah Stadium is the oldest stadium in Malacca. The GDP per capita also expanded 11.2% to RM46,015 in 2017, surpassing the national-level figure of RM42,228. [157], Daily ferries run from Malacca to the Indonesian cities of Bengkalis, Dumai and Pekanbaru departing from Harbour Master's Jetty. [13] Soon, the site became the centre of the Malay world in the 15th and 16th centuries and the most prosperous entrepôt in the Malay Archipelago. The city also includes a variety of other cultural attractions such as Chinatown, Little India and Portuguese Settlement. [26][27], In collaboration with allies from the sea-people (orang laut), the wandering proto-Malay privateers of the Straits, he established Malacca as an international port by compelling passing ships to call there, and establishing fair and reliable facilities for warehousing and trade. [1] It is the oldest Malaysian city on the Straits of Malacca, having become a successful entrepôt in the era of the Malacca Sultanate. [101], Daily water consumption for Malacca is 500 million litres and each resident consumes 220 litres per day, higher than the national average of 180 litres per day. [28] Malacca had been a relatively insignificant region, not even qualifying as a polity prior to the voyages according to both Ma Huan and Fei Xin, and was a vassal region of Siam. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure … Find what to do today, this weekend or in October. Several churches and convents, a bishop's palace, and administrative buildings such as the governor's palace were built. We have reviews of the best places to see in Melaka State. [31] During their occupation, a kempeitai headquarters was established in the formerly British "Government Rest House" which served as a place for arrests, torture and executions. The fourth dam, Jernih Dam, will be constructed in Taboh Naning in Alor Gajah and expected to be completed by 2018. At district level, the Jasin branch of the library was established in 1986 at JKR Building, which then later moved to a new building in 1999. [16] The declaration of independence was made by the first Prime Minister of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman, at Padang Pahlawan on 20 February 1956, which eventually led to the independence of Malaya on 31 August 1957. The current Chief Minister is Sulaiman Md Ali from the UMNO. However, in June 2015 the Malacca State Government decided to revive the project. The Portuguese traces are mostly on Porta do Santiago which can also be seen across the square on the bank of Malacca River[97] and on St. Peter's Church. [47][48] The Malaccan Portuguese have their own version of Portuguese creole, known as Kristang language. [49], Since the era of Malacca Sultanate, the city has prospered as a successful entrepôt, putting it in the same position as Venice, Cairo and Canton. [6][10] Before he reached the site, he arrived in Temasek, which he decided to make the centre of the new Malay Kingdom's administration. [63][64], A 1.6-km line of Malacca Monorail was launched in October 2010, served the route along the Malacca River. Malacca International Airport (IATA: MKZ, ICAO: WMKM) (formerly known as Batu Berendam Airport is an airport located in Batu Berendam, Malacca, Malaysia.The airport serves the state of Malacca, as well as northern Johor.The 7,000 m 2 (75,000 sq ft) terminal complex is equipped with international-standard amenities that can handle 1.5 million passengers annually. [99] An oceanarium located inside the Shore shopping malls complex features a variety of fish species and other sea creatures.[58]. Their culture is showcased at the Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum. Malacca City (Malay: Bandaraya Melaka or Kota Melaka), is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Malacca. Departing . [51] In terms of number of workforce, as of 2013[update], there were 275,000 people working in the industrial sectors, 225,000 people working in the service sectors, 35,000 people working in the entrepreneurship sectors and 12,300 people working in the agricultural sectors. The Central Malacca branch of the library was established in 1996 at Hang Tuah Mall after the main library moved to Bukit Baru, which then later changed to Higher Education Institute Resource Center Library in 2001. Search. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. State in Malaysia. Returning . [28] Ma Huan reported that Siam did not dare to invade Malacca thereafter. [9][10][37] The Dutch ruled Malacca from 1641 to 1798 but they were not interested in developing it as a trading centre, placing greater importance on Batavia (Jakarta) and Java as their administrative centre. The Sultan died in 1414 and was succeeded by his son, Megat Iskandar Shah. Part-time study is available at Open University Malaysia (OUM), while those who wish to obtain an academic diploma can enroll at University of Malaya Centre for Continuing Education (UMCCE) at Sinar College. At the first, Sequeira was well received by Sultan Mahmud Shah. Sinar College is the only institution in the state that offers complete accounting education. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. [55][69] As of 2016[update], 27% of the population aged below 15 years old and 8% aged above 60 years old. [104] The stadium is the second home ground for Melaka United, after Hang Jebat Stadium in Krubong. [72] The Malacca Police Contingent Headquarters is also located on Old Ayer Keroh Road. Other attractions include the Maritime Museum, Taming Sari Tower and Macau Gallery Melaka. Auf Tripadvisor finden Sie alles für Melaka, Central Melaka District: 110.839 unabhängige Bewertungen von Hotels, Restaurants und Sehenswürdigkeiten sowie authentische Reisefotos. Recently, a public-private partnership installed 100,000 LED street lamps along the Alor Gajah–Central Melaka–Jasin (AMJ) highway, which will improve road safety and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. [58][98], Malacca Zoo is the main zoo in the city metropolitan, featuring 215 species of birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians including the Sumatran rhinoceros, the Malayan gaur, Serow and the Indochinese tiger. During this time, a Hindu–Malay and Tamil–Malay society were also formed. [110][111] Malacca listed as one of 10 Best Destinations in Malaysia by Tripadvisor. The exclave of Cape Rachado also borders Negeri Sembilan to the north. [30], To enhance relations, Hang Li Po, according to local folklore, a daughter of the Ming Emperor of China, arrived in Malacca, accompanied by 500 attendants, to marry Sultan Manshur Shah who reigned from 1456 until 1477. The Malaccans reported that Vietnam was in control of Champa and also sought to conquer Malacca, but the Malaccans did not fight back, because they did not want to fight against another state that was a tributary to China without permission from the Chinese. [24] In retaliation for Portugal's activity in Malacca, several Portuguese were later killed by the Chinese in the battles of Tunmen and Xicaowan in China. Malacca has three international schools, the Melaka International School, which cater for the local communities; MES and KYS International School, staffed by expatriate teachers, which specialise in teaching Cambridge International A Levels and cater for the expatriate communities. During the occupation, many of the city's residents were taken and forced to construct the Death Railway in Burma (present-day Myanmar). There is a tourist map provided by Malacca. Things to Do in Melaka State, Malaysia: See Tripadvisor's 113,810 traveller reviews and photos of Melaka State tourist attractions. [49], Melaka Straits Mosque, a newly built mosque in the city's metro area, Cheng Hoon Teng Temple, a Chinese temple in the city, Sri Poyatha Moorthi Temple, the oldest Hindu temple in the city. Temperature ranges generally between 30 and 35 °C (86 and 95 °F) during daytime and between 27 and 29 °C (81 and 84 °F) during night time.[42]. [120], In June 2012, the Macau Gallery Malacca was opened at Peringgit, Malacca under the government of Macau. 04.08.2020 Top Staat Melaka Sehenswürdigkeiten: Hier finden Sie 33.428 Bewertungen und Fotos von Reisenden über 242 Sehenswürdigkeiten, Touren und Ausflüge - alle Staat Melaka … Constructed on the bridge was about a score of market stalls: an easy location for small watercraft to reach with their loads of produce and also close to the docks where foreign sea-going vessels unloaded goods for transhipment. [14], In Malacca during the early 15th century, Ming China actively sought to develop a commercial hub and a base of operation for treasure voyages into the Indian Ocean. [28] The rulers of Malacca, such as Parameswara in 1411, would pay tribute to the Chinese emperor in person. [69] An international shipping port is also planned to be built as part of China's Maritime Silk Route economic belt. [58] The No 8 Heeren Street Heritage Centre is an old two-storey shop house which has been undergoing restoration for years. CITIZEN INFO. Raw water is supplied from the Malacca River, Kesang River and Gerisik River. The offshore Besar Island, Upeh Island and Undan Island are part of Malacca which are accessible by jetty from Malacca mainland. Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) lectures and examinations are provided at Sinar College at Malacca City. [19], The state of Malacca covers an area of 1,664 km2 (642 sq mi). Due to dissatisfaction with British jurisdiction over Naning, Dol Said, a local chief, fought the East India Company in a war from 1831 to 1832, which resulted in a decisive British victory. The average size can accommodate two average adult with probably a child.[167]. Check out . Going to . Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. [28] In 1431, when a Malaccan representative complained that Siam was obstructing tribute missions to the Ming court, the Xuande Emperor dispatched Zheng He carrying a threatening message for the Siamese king saying "You, king should respect my orders, develop good relations with your neighbours, examine and instruct your subordinates and not act recklessly or aggressively. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. For small and medium-sized enterprises, a number of estates have been established by the state government. It showed an increase of 599,037 tourists. [20][21][22], Before the arrival of the first Sultan, Malacca was a fishing village inhabited by local inhabitants known as Orang Laut. Best view using Internet Explorer 9 or higher, Mozilla Firefox 3.5 or higher,Safari and Google Chrome with resolution 1366 x 768 pixels or higher. The Baba Nyonya are Straits-born Chinese, who have resided for generations since the era of the Malacca Sultanate as traders and intermarried with the local Malay women. [98], Water supply-related matters in Malacca is administered by the Malacca Water Company Ltd. (Malay: Syarikat Air Melaka Berhad) which is headquartered at Malacca City. There is one member of parliament (MP) representing one parliamentary constituency in the city: Kota Melaka (P.138). Ayer Keroh also houses the Malacca International Bowling Centre. Besides Malacca City, other major Malacca townships include Alor Gajah, Asahan, Ayer Keroh, Batang Melaka, Batu Berendam, Bemban, Bukit Katil, Cheng, Durian Tunggal, Hang Tuah Jaya, Jasin, Klebang, Kuala Sungai Baru, Lendu, Lubuk China, Machap Baru, Malacca Pindah, Masjid Tanah, Merlimau, Naning, Nyalas, Pulau Sebang, Ramuan China, Selandar, Serkam, Simpang Ampat, Sungai Rambai, Sungai Udang, Tanjung Kling, Telok Mas and Umbai. 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