This is the man from whom the history of Bhopal is genuinely spoken because he was the founder of the Bhopal state. [10] His father Nur Mohammad Khan was a Pashtun nobleman belonging to the Mirazikhel clan of the Orakzai tribe. Khan offered the little water remaining in his mushuk (water carrier) to an injured and thirsty Mughal soldier, who was moaning to ward off the jackals. Khan's support to the Sayyid Brothers earned him the enmity of the rival Mughal nobleman Nizam-ul-Mulk. One day, during a shikar (hunting) trip, Dost Mohammad Khan and his wife Fatah Bibi decided to rest in the Bhopal village. The Marhattas -equally martial and wilier then the noble Rajputs – had reached out from the Western Ghats with chieftains like – Holkar of Indore, Scindia of Gwalior, Gaekwad of Baroda and Bhonsle of Nagpur – operating under Peshwa of Pune. [12] He arrived in Jalalabad sometime between 1696 and 1703, and spent some time with Jalal Khan's family. Thus, Bhopal was transformed from a village to a fortified town with six gates:[7], Bijay Ram (or Bijjeh Ram), the Rajput chieftain of Shujalpur, was made the dewan (chief minister) of the Dost's state. In a one-sided battle, Khan lost his brother Sher Mohammed Khan, and his men fled from the battlefield. Khan spent around a year in Delhi under Mullah Jamali's shelter, after which he decided to join the Mughal army. Jalal Khan's son attacked Dost with a bow and arrow, and Dost killed him with a dagger in retaliation. Lua error in Module:Location_map at line 510: Unable to find the specified location map definition: "Module:Location map/data/India" does not exist. Dost Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Founder of Bhopal State The State of Bhopal was established by Dost Mohammad Khan (1672–1728), a pashtun soldier in the Mughal Army . In 1836 Hari Singh Nalva, the Sikh general who along with Prince Nau Nihal Singh was guarding that frontier, built a chain of forts, including one at Jamrud at the eastern end of the Khyber Passto defend the pass. This picture undoubtedly comes from a book circa 19th or 20th century. Dept. Although injured by the swords of Kashko Khan's guards and a mahawat (elephant rider), Khan managed to kill Kashko Khan in the battle. [13], The Nizam assumed control over Bhopal, and appointed Dost Mohammad Khan as a kiledar (fort commander). Rani of Mangalgarh’s Rajput neighbors banded together against her and gathered for battle. The server responded with {{status_text}} (code {{status_code}}). Mausoleum of Dost Mohammad Khan is located near Gandhi Medical College in Bhopal YAR MOHAMMAD KHAN (1710-1742) Six years later, Dost died and his son, Yar Mohammad, became the second Nawab at 18. Founded in 1707 by the Pashtun soldier Dost Muhammad Khan, the princely state of Bhopal had always been … He was freed after his wife Fatah Bibi paid a ransom to his captors.[9]. [8][24], In the 1710s, the area around the upper lake of Bhopal was mainly populated by the Bhil and the Gond tribals. He contacted his family in Afganistan, and subsequently in 1712 a phalanx of 50 Mirazi-khel tribesmen, fiercely loyal to the young Pathan, togather with his wife, father and five brothers rode to Berasia. In her letter, Bharti said Dost Mohammed Khan, the founder of the state of Bhopal, had killed his friendly kings at Halali, where water of the nearby river had turned red due to their blood. By luck he found Mullah Jamali there, who was his Quran tutor at Tirah. [6] After the death of the emperor Aurangzeb , Khan started providing mercenary services to several local chieftains in the politically unstable Malwa region. However, Mehraj was later betrothed to his cousin, because Khan's character was seen as too aggressive and rough. He was a Pashtun from the Mirazi Khel clan of the Orakzai tribe from Tirah. According to the Khan's rozanmacha (daily diary), Aurangzeb was impressed by him, presented him with two fistful of gold coins, and asked Fazlullah to treat him well and give him an appropriate command. Dost Mohammad Khan ruled his state from his capital at Islamnagar. [20] Khan agreed to negotiate a treaty with Narsingh, and the two parties met at Jagdishpur, with 16 men on each side. During a birthday celebration, a fight broke out between Dost and one of Jalal Khan's sons, over one of the young housemaids. Nawab Dost Muhammad Khan Bahadur ruled Bhopal from 1723 to 1728. THE RISE OF DOST MUHAMMAD KHAN (1708-1728), THE FIRST NAWAB OF BHOPAL Zakir Husain Much has been written on Dost Muhammad Khan, the founder of the state of Bhopal, but there is need to use documentary material to establih a reliable narrative of his early career. The Nizam overruled the appointment, and sent the Dost's hostage teenage son Yar Mohammad Khan to Bhopal with a thousand horsemen. The family of Sardar Jalal Khan, the mansabdar (Mughal official) of Lohari, welcomed Dost as the son of a fellow tribal sardar. [13] While waiting in front of a bakery to steal some food, he was recognized by the old clergyman Mullah Jamali of Kashgar, who had taught him Koran in Tirah. He sought inspiration from Sufi mystics and saints, and veered towards spiritualism. [16] Khan then took the control of Ginnor fort and other territories of Kamlapati's kingdom. It's title is unknown. English: Dost Mohammad Khan, founder of Bhopal state in the early 18th century in British India. Dost Mohammad Khan agreed to the ceasefire, but also sent a spy dressed as a beggar to the Thakur's camp. He arranged an expensive welcome banquet for the Nizam, presented him with an elephant and stationed his forces on a hillock renamed to Nizam tekri (Nizam's hillock) in the Nizam's honor. However, he allied himself with the Mughal Court controlled by the Sayyid Brothers, with whom he had developed a close friendship.[9]. privately. Dost initially feigned allegiance to the Rani's son Nawal Shah, who controlled the Ginnor fort, and was invited to live in the fort. The spy came back with the news that the Rajputs were in a state of drunken revelry. He invited his Pashtun kinsmen to Malwa to create a group of loyal associates. In 1723, Rani Kamlapati committed suicide near her palace (present-day Kamla Park in Bhopal). The post-Dost era was a pretty hard time in the beginning as the Marhattas began dominating over Malwa under Peshwa Baji Rao I. Dost Mohammad Khan ruled his state from his capital at Islamnagar. "Mirazi" is probably a of "Mir Aziz". He was sent back to Mangalgarh with gifts of gold coins, a sword and a band of horses.[9]. Yar Mohammad Khan found that his only surviving uncle, Sultan Mohammad Khan, backed by the Barru-Kat high command of Dost’s army, had installed his eight-year old half-brother, Sultan Mohammad Khan, as the Nawab. This helped him gain the friendship of the Sayyid Brothers, who had become highly influential king-makers in the Mughal court. Born around 1672, Dost Mohammad … Following this, Khan rose rapidly through the ranks, and was assigned to the Malwa province in central India. Waltraud Ernst, Biswamoy Pati, ed (2007). After the death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the Malwa territory was claimed by the Marathas and some kings of Rajputana, in addition to the Mughals. It is said that the emperor Aurangzeb himself gave him gifts for turning certain defeat to victory. Several local chieftains (jagirdars and zamindars) accepted his suzerainty without putting up a fight. Learn More{{/message}}, © 2021 Bhopale.com - All Rights Reserved. [6] The fort was eventually expanded to encircle the village of Bhopal. Dost Mohammad Khan Bhopal founder of the Dynasty. Following the Rani's death, Khan usurped the Mangalgarh territory. A Nawab of Bhopal, 17-18th century. Sultan Mohammad Khan was 7 or 8-year-old at the time. The Rani did not have one hundred thousand rupees, so she paid him half the sum and gave the village of Bhopal in lieu of the remainder. Dost realized that in order to survive, he required his own family members to support and surround him. [5] Yar Mohammad Khan was the eldest son of Dost, but he was not his first wife Mehraj Bibi's son; he could have been born of a consort soon after Dost came to Malwa. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. The dowager mother of the Raja had taken a great liking to Dost Mohammad Khan. Around 1709, Dost took on lease Berasia, a small rented estate, about 22 miles north of Bhopal from Taj Mohammad Khan, for an annual payment of 30,000 rupees. When the Mughals sent a force from Delhi to curb the rebellion by the Rajput chiefs of Malwa, Dost Mohammad Khan sided with the Rajputs. Dost Mohammad Khan was survived by 5 daughters and 6 sons (Yar, Sultan, Sadar, Fazil, Wasil and Khan Bahadur). He released the imprisoned men, but returned only half of the Khan's belongings. Bahadur, impressed by the Khan's bravery, released him. After the death of Raja of Mangalgarh, his mother appointed Dost mukhtar (guardian) of Mngalgarh fort around 1708. [17] Yar Mohammad was, however, allowed to execute the royal functions as the regent. Khan's father, Mehraj Bibi (his wife – the girl he was engaged to in Tirah) and his five brothers arrived in Berasia in 1712, with around 50 tribesmen of the Mirazikhel. The population was almost three-quarters Hindu in 1908, but religious freedom and diversity was prized. Dost Mohammad Khan was survived by 5 daughters and 6 sons (Yar, Sultan, Sadar, Fazil, Wasil and Khan Bahadur). By the early 1720s, Dost Mohammad Khan had transferred himself from a mercenary to the ruler of a small state. Khan had three children from Jai Kunwar (later Taj Bibi), who had been presented to him by the zamindar (landowning chieftain) of Kaliakheri.[9]. During his service at Mangalgarh, he married Kunwar Sardar Bai, the daughter of Anand Singh,[16] who later converted to Islam and adopted the name Fatah Bibi (also spelled Fateh Bibi). At the time of Kamlapati’s death, Bhopal was a village in the Gond Kingdom. [15] As he lay hidden, he saw Farooq riding an elephant in the victory procession. Dost Muhammad erected a fort at `Ali Masjid at the o… In 1709, he took on the lease of Berasia estate, while serving the small Rajput principality of Mangalgarh as a mercenary. He delivered Kashko's decapitated head to Mir Fazlullah in Delhi.[9]. He and the other Pathans who settled in Bhopal during his reign, brought the Pathan and Islamic influence to the culture and architecture of Bhopal. Promotion was swift, and he was assigned to Malwa (todays Madhya Pradesh). Bahadur Shah I died in 1712 and his successor Jahandar Shah was assassinated on the orders of the Sayyid Brothers. [5] Khan successfully protected Mangalgarh from its other Rajput neighbors, married into its royal family, and took over the state after the death of its heirless dowager Rani. [19] Narsingh Deora demanded tribute from the Patel of Barkhera in Dillod, who had earlier given shelter to Dost after he fled away from the Mughal camp. [5] In his final years, Khan sought inspiration from Sufi mystics and saints, veering towards spiritualism. of Modern Indian History. Learn More{{/message}}, {{#message}}{{{message}}}{{/message}}{{^message}}It appears your submission was successful. [13], Dost Mohammad Khan also fought against Diye Bahadur, a Rajput general and Mughal subedar (governor). In his diary, Khan wrote that he regained consciousness only when jackals began nibbling his limbs. Arnold Wright. at Hyderabad. [5] He was buried in the Fatehgarh Fort beside his wife Fatah Bibi. This man later turned out to be Sayyid Hussain Ali Khan Barha, the younger of the Sayyid Brothers. In his mid-20s, Dost Mohammad Khan was engaged to Mehraj Bibi, an attractive girl from a neighboring Orakzai clan. He admonished his brother Aqil for desecreating a Buddhist statue in Sanchi. Sikandar Begam (Nawab of Bhopal) and C. B. Willoughby-Osborne (1870). [14] The first stone was laid by Qazi Mohammad Moazzam of Raisen, who later became the qazi (Islamic judge) of Bhopal. Rani Kamlapati (or Kamlavati), the daughter of Chaudhari Kirpa-Ramchandar, was one of the seven wives of Nizam Shah. The foundation of the fort was laid on 30 August 1723. In 1835, Dost Mohammad Khan, the youngest and the most energetic of the Barakzai brothers, who had supplanted the Durrani dynasty and become Emir (lord, chief or king) of Kabul in 1825, advanced up to Khaibar Pass threatening to recover Peshawar. If we talk about the history of whole region, Sanchi and Vidisha are much older than Bhopal. [21] In 1713, Jahandar's nephew Farrukhsiyar was installed as a puppet king by the Brothers, who conspired to send Nizam-ul-Mulk to the Deccan, away from the Mughal Court. When asked what he would do if set free, Khan replied that he will wage another battle against Diye Bahadur. [30] After having established control over Deccan, he decided to get even with Dost Mohammad Khan for supporting the Sayyid Brothers. exactly like it is told to us pathans of bhopal …can i ever find out who wrote this article…. Dost Mohammed Khan (ook wel getranslitereerd als Dost Mahommed, Dost Muhammad of Dust Muhammad, 1793-9 juni 1863) was emir van Afghanistan (1823-1839 en 1842-1863), en de belangrijkste man in de Afghaanse politiek in het midden van de 19e eeuw.. Opkomst van Dost Mohammed. After the Rajas's death at Delhi, she appointed him the kamdar or mukhtar ("guardian") of Mangalgarh, around 1708. Khan violated the truce and raided the enemy camp at night, defeating the Rajput chieftains decisively. Dost Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Founder of Bhopal State. [22] Supported by his loyal "Barru-kat" Pathan associates, Khan set to carve out a fiefdom of his own. Four of his children were from his first wife Mehraj Bibi. At its zenith, the Bhopal state comprised a territory of around 7,000 square miles (18,000 km2). At night, Khan's soldiers killed Nawal Shah and his guards. Taking advantage of the disintegration of the Mughal empire, he usurped Mangalgarh and Berasia (now a tehsil of the Bhopal District). He was well-treated by the Rajputs, and was presented before Diye Bahadur after recuperating from his wounds. [15] Khan was tasked with protecting the dowager Rani (queen) and her estate. However, Khan refused to side with either of them, saying that he could not raise his sword against any of his sons since he had taken an oath of being loyal to the late Emperor. In return for a fort, the payment of Rs. Dost Mohammad Khan died of an illness in March 1728. She was famous for her beauty and talents: the local legends describe her as more beautiful than a pari (fairy). Your email address will not be published. However, Dost Mohammad Khan got his cousin murdered. Dost Mohammad … [17] The lease involved an annual payment of 30,000 rupees, which he was able to pay with help of his wife Fatah Bibi, who belonged to the Mangalgarh royal family. This picture undoubtedly comes from a book circa 19th or 20th century. He was welcomed by the family of his relative Jalal Khan, the Mughal mansabdar (a military aristocrat) of Jalalabad's suburb Lohari. A war of succession broke out between Aurangzeb's sons, two of whom approached Khan for allegiance. He was buried in the Fatehgarh Fort beside his wife Fatah Bibi. Aurangzeb's son Bahadur Shah I defeated his brothers to capture the throne with the help of Sayyid Brothers and Nizam-ul-Mulk, another influential administrator in the Mughal court. Subsequently, Khan annexed several territories in Malwa to his state. Around 1672 in Tirah, a small village lying in the tribal area on the border of today’s Pakistan and Afganistan, a son was born to a pathan noble man Sardar Nur Mohammad Khan and was named Dost. Diye Bahadur offered Khan a position in his own forces, but Khan declined, while expressing gratitude for Bahadur's kindness. A few months later, Khan defeated Diye Bahadur with his newly raised force.[9]. Proclaimed by his paternal uncle, Sardar Aqil Muhammad Khan, following the death of his father, March 1728. He dressed himself in the uniform of one of Farooq's slain soldiers, hiding his face with a scarf and a helmet. History of Bhopal Bhopal lies in central of Madhya Pradesh state. Staying with him for an year, Dost became aware of the multi dimensional nuances of India life, allian to him due to his single dimensional upbringing at Afganistan.Dost finally enlisted with Mir Fazlullah, Aurangzeb’s keeper of arms, and steadily rose through the lower rungs. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. [9], In 1703, Dost Mohammad Khan enlisted with Mir Fazlullah, Aurangzeb's Keeper of Arms. A badly wounded Khan, who had lost one of his brothers in the battle, was taken prisoner. By the early 1720s, Dost Mohammad Khan had transferred himself from a mercenary to the ruler of a small state. Amid the din of the victory drums, he mounted the howdah (seat) on the elephant, killed Farooq and his guard, and claimed victory. Dost Mohammad Khan Bhopal January 10, 2007 November 23, 2015 by bhopale During the turbulent times following Aurangazeb’s death, a force was sent from Delhi to quell the Rajput rebellion that was taking place in Malwa. May 13, 2013 - Dost Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Bhopal - Informative & researched article on Dost Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Bhopal from Indianetzone, the largest free encyclopedia on India. Shortly after Dost Mohammad Khan's return to Mangalgarh, the dowager Rani (queen) of the principality died heirless. His five brothers were Sher, Alif, Shah, Mir Ahmad and Aqil; all except Aqil died in subsequent battles. (Shaharyar M. Khan, 2000). As Dost had reached Bhilsa, news came of Aurangzeb’s death on 20 February 1707. In 1720, the Sayyid Brothers dispatched a Mughal force led by Dilawar Ali Khan against Nizam in Malwa. Khan declared his loyalty to the Sayyid Brothers, but refused the offer, because he did not want to leave Malwa. The death of Emperor Aurangzeb's death on 20 February 1707 reached Khan, when he was at Bhilsa. Dost Mohammad Honda Parts. ... Afghan DRY Fruits, Minhaj ul Quran, M.P. Khan pitched a tent on the banks of Thal river (also known as Banganga) for the meeting. The Sayyid Brothers were two nobles, who had become highly influential in the Mughal Court after the emperor Aurangzeb's death. Khan also provided mercenary services to the Rani Kamlapati, the ruler of a small Gond kingdom, and received the territory of Bhopal (then a small village) in lieu of payment. The ruins of the palaces built by Bhopal's founder Dost Mohammad Khan still exist at the site. In 1705, Mir Fazlullah presented Dost Mohammad Khan's regiment to the emperor Aurangzeb. [9] Dost also prevented the Maratha invasions by regularly paying them chauth (tribute). Dost Mohammad Khan became the leader of a band of around 50 Pathan mercenaries, and started providing the local chieftains protection against pillage and strife. He encouraged several scholars, hakeems (doctors) and artists to settle in Bhopal. Nizam Shah, the strongest of the local Gond warlords, ruled his territory from the Ginnor fort (Ginnorgarh in the present-day Sehore district). It suffered from anarchy and lawlessness due to regular attacks from highwaymen and plunderers. Dost Mohammad Khan Bhopal December 17, 2006 January 19, 2016 by bhopale. [11] This tribe lives in Tirah and the Peshawar region. "Journal of Indian history". [9], Attracted by the promise of a bright future in the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb's service, Khan set out for Jalalabad, near Delhi, where his Pashtun relatives had settled. Dost wriggled free and mounting the elephant, decapitated Kashko Khan. After the death of the emperor Aurangzeb, Khan started providing mercenary services to several local chieftains in the politically unstable Malwa region. Somerset Playne; R. V. Solomon; J. W. Bond; Arnold Wright (1922). Defeated and wounded in the ensuing battle, he ended up helping an injured Sayyid Hussain Ali Khan Barha, one of the Sayyid Brothers. [13] After being defeated by a Maratha warlord during an unsuccessful raid in Gujarat, he was imprisoned by his own rebel soldiers. During 1720-1726, Dost started surrounding the city with a protective wall. After several days of war, the Rajputs for the festival of Holi sought a truce. [18] On 23 March 1723, he despatched a force to Bhopal, where Khan put up some fight from his fort. Police Bhopal, Fiza's HOME Catering, All India Pukhtoon Community, Alam Khurshid, DhaakkadSamachar, Dr. Israr Ahmad‎‎, ... Dost Mohammad Khan. The image was uploaded here by a discredited source who obtained it without checking and from a source on the web with no provenance. The rampant power struggles and disloyalty, especially his imprisonment by his own men after the Gujarat raid, had made Khan distrustful of people around him. Berasia, a small mustajiri (rented estate) near Mangalgarh, was under the authority of the Delhi-based Mughal fief-holder Taj Mohammad Khan. Formerly a fortified city, Islamnagar was the capital of the Bhopal princely state for a brief period. While Khan was away from Mangalgarh, Mohammad Farooq Hakim, the Governor of Bhilsa, had imprisoned his men and confiscated his personal property. [7] Kamlapati offered Dost Mohammad Khan a hundred thousand rupees to protect her honor and her kingdom, and to avenge her husband's death. Dost Mohammad Khan, and his line, were Muslims, and Bhopal was one of the largest Princely States with Muslim leadership. 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